Command or Exhortation?

Page 1 of 1 (10 items)
This post has 9 Replies | 1 Follower

Posts 233
John C Connell Jr. | Forum Activity | Posted: Mon, Jun 3 2019 1:02 PM

I am studying the phrase "Be strong and courageous."  Is there a way to distinguish when the phrase is used as a command and when it is an exhortation?

Be strong and courageous. . . for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.

Posts 4590
Forum MVP
Fred Chapman | Forum Activity | Replied: Mon, Jun 3 2019 1:53 PM

The English phrase "Be strong and courageous" appears 10x in the ESV. All occurrences have the same sense as the screenshot indicates. However only three of those occurrences are labeled as commands.

Posts 420
Liam Maguire | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Jun 4 2019 8:59 AM

John C Connell Jr.:

I am studying the phrase "Be strong and courageous."  Is there a way to distinguish when the phrase is used as a command and when it is an exhortation?

I tend to use the propositional outline visual filter to help answer these kinds of questions. In you bible click the visual filter symbol (three circles) and under the resource drop down toggle on the 'Propositional Outline' option. 

Hope that helps. 

Check out my blog 'For Fathers'

Posts 233
John C Connell Jr. | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Jun 5 2019 2:23 AM

Thanks for the tip Liam. It is the right tool to provide the information I have been seeking.

Be strong and courageous. . . for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.

Posts 21742
Forum MVP
Graham Criddle | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Jun 5 2019 2:52 AM

John C Connell Jr.:
It is the right tool to provide the information I have been seeking.

And you can use it to constrain searches as well

Posts 2465
Lee | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Jun 5 2019 5:55 PM

John C Connell Jr.:

Is there a way to distinguish when the phrase is used as a command and when it is an exhortation?

Linguistically the difference is a very fine one. From a rhetorical perspective you would weigh up factors such as the tone / grammar of the phrase, the status of the speaker(utterer) / audience, the setting of the utterance, the actual thing asked for.

Exegetically, splitting hairs over this can sometimes be a waste of time.

Posts 3649
Francis | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Jun 5 2019 11:14 PM

Yes, Lee is correct. The propositional outlines labels are interpretation. They are educated choices and helpful but by no means authoritative and like other datasets can contain errors.

The distinction between command and exhortation can also be based on canonical and theological considerations. For instance, one might choose to consider that it is mainly the Law that contains commands in the OT.  

Another criterion would be whether what is urged is universal or clearly spoken to a specific individual or group for a specific situation, in which case it might be more properly considered an exhortation.

An interesting case study is 1 Corinthians 7 in which Paul distinguishes between the Lord's commands and his own Spirit-led exhortations. 

Posts 233
John C Connell Jr. | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Jun 6 2019 4:56 AM

Graham, am I correct in understanding that it is not possible to have a different set of visual filters selected in different instances of the same resource? For example, I would like to have two linked copies of ESV open, one with Speaker Labels selected and one with Propositional Outlines selected. 

-john

Be strong and courageous. . . for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.

Posts 21742
Forum MVP
Graham Criddle | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Jun 6 2019 7:22 AM

Hi John

John C Connell Jr.:
Graham, am I correct in understanding that it is not possible to have a different set of visual filters selected in different instances of the same resource?

That is correct, Graham

Posts 17877
Forum MVP
Keep Smiling 4 Jesus :) | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Jun 6 2019 9:46 PM

John C Connell Jr.:
For example, I would like to have two linked copies of ESV open, one with Speaker Labels selected and one with Propositional Outlines selected. 

Multiview is useful (secondary resource inherits visual filters from primary):

Keep Smiling Smile

Page 1 of 1 (10 items) | RSS