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Kevin Becker | Forum Activity | Posted: Thu, Dec 3 2009 10:45 AM

I'm studying pistis cristou and using the opportunity to figure out syntax search. I designed a syntax search to catch pistis cristou and pistis iesous cristou. It's not as good as a Morph search (some false positives, but I'm learning).

My question is, why does the search results show the text from the verse multiple times? It makes the results difficult to use/interpret. Is this a bug/issue or is my search poorly constructed?

Also, any ideas on how to improve this kind of search? Would there be a way to catch pistis iesous only too?

EDIT: This screenshot is from Beta 2, but SR-7 has a very similar behavior.

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Robert Pavich | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 5:21 AM

Kevin Becker:

I'm studying pistis cristou and using the opportunity to figure out syntax search. I designed a syntax search to catch pistis cristou and pistis iesous cristou. It's not as good as a Morph search (some false positives, but I'm learning).

My question is, why does the search results show the text from the verse multiple times? It makes the results difficult to use/interpret. Is this a bug/issue or is my search poorly constructed?

Also, any ideas on how to improve this kind of search? Would there be a way to catch pistis iesous only too?

EDIT: This screenshot is from Beta 2, but SR-7 has a very similar behavior.

 

Kevin,

Right off the bat...remember, I'm not the Logos scholar that many are here but my first Q would be: Why use a syntax search on a phrase?

I'm not that great at syntax searching but in my mind; syntax searches are more for "word functions" and not "phrases" right?

 

What a basic search like: pistis cristou OR pistis iesous cristou do for you?

I'm just asking and maybe I'm ignorant of what you're trying to accomplish....

Robert Pavich

For help go to the Wiki: http://wiki.logos.com/Table_of_Contents__

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Robert Pavich | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 5:32 AM

Kevin,

Again, being ignorant, I did this search and I think that's your intent right....to see either "faith in" Christ or "faith in" Christ Jesus right?

You could do it the cheating way Big Smile search BWS on pisteow and look a the contexts and that will tell you this answer also.

If you want to know "what things are "faith in" directed to? Then I think THAT'S  a syntax search maybe....someone can help me....

 

Robert Pavich

For help go to the Wiki: http://wiki.logos.com/Table_of_Contents__

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Russ Quinn | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 5:51 AM

Which instances of pistis christou or pistis Ihsou christou should be translated "faith in Christ" is a hot debate among scholars.

English translations disagree on particular instances so a English search would not be a reliable way to find all the occurrences.

I would probably want to use a Morph search but that is because I haven't gotten my head around the Syntax search engine.

Kevin, it would be helpful for me if you continued journaling your efforts on this.

Thanks,

Russ

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davidphillips | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:03 AM

Kevin,

The reason your search returns multiple hits per verse is because of the way the Cascadia Syntax graphs (and opentext.org graphs) are constructed. If you take Romans 3:21-22 as an example and fill in the search completely (see below) so that every phrase is included, you will only get one hit per occurrence.

But what appears to be happening is that since you are allowing matching to skip levels between the word and phrase, it counts a hit at each phrase the word could be coming from. I can't quite figure out how it's counting, but I'm fairly certain the issue lies in the fact that the Cascadia Syntax charts make abundant use of "phrases" (the same thing will happen with opentext.org in a similarly constructed search where you skip levels between the word group and words, but with less "extra" results). In other words, the more you allow matching to skip levels and the "higher" (father left) in the search you do so, the more extra results you'll return.

 

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Robert Pavich | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:14 AM

I did this in the OpenText...if that helps....

Robert Pavich

For help go to the Wiki: http://wiki.logos.com/Table_of_Contents__

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davidphillips | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:18 AM

Also, I would agree with Robert that this is a good use for a morphological query, since you are searching for a tight phrase. The one he suggested works well. If, however, you were interested in any place πιστεως governs the phrase ιησου χριστου, a syntax search might help, but you'd want to construct it a little differently to allow for the separation of the words. This search gets an extra hit in James 2:1, where πιστις is separated by the phrase του κυριου ημων:

Also, you'll get some double hits since ιησους is optional. It will be counted once with it present and once without it present.

A good rule of thumb (that I've found) is this: If you're interested in places where words appear close together, use a morph search. If you're looking for places where certain words are related in a certain way (though they may be physically separated), use a syntax search.

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davidphillips | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:20 AM

Robert Pavich:
I did this in the OpenText...if that helps....

You beat me Smile

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davidphillips | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:23 AM

Kevin,

A final thought. The fact that all those extra hits appears isn't that big of a deal. You still get the verses listed on the left. Rather than scanning through each hit, you can simply go to each verse and look at them yourself. If there happen to be two hits in a single verse, you should see it, since you know where to look.

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Kevin Becker | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:28 AM

Robert Pavich:

Kevin,

Again, being ignorant, I did this search and I think that's your intent right....to see either "faith in" Christ or "faith in" Christ Jesus right?

You could do it the cheating way Big Smile search BWS on pisteow and look a the contexts and that will tell you this answer also.

If you want to know "what things are "faith in" directed to? Then I think THAT'S  a syntax search maybe....someone can help me....

 

Robert,

Thanks, I did something very similar to this yesterday too. I was thinking that Morph searches do proximity fairly well, however the more proximity you introduce to catch variations in how a phrase is constructed the more false hits you generate. In this case I was searching for faith of Christ, Faith of Christ Jesus, or Faith of Jesus. Since the syntax graphs group together words and help you to see what modifies what, my hope was that a syntax search might be flexible enough to catch phrasal variations. It appears that morph search is probably the best tool for this evaluation. Tracking down every occurrence of pistis with a genitive name or pronoun after it is probably in my near future.

 

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Russ Quinn | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:32 AM

The hit in James 2:1 is critical to the debate because it represents a nonPauline author's use of a similar construction.

Please bear with my newbieness to the Syntactical search engine but why are all of the operators before "Unordered" necessary?

If a response like "Read the manual" is appropriate, I understand.

But if a simple explanation is possible, I would appreciate it.

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davidphillips | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:34 AM

Kevin Becker:

Tracking down every occurrence of pistis with a genitive name or pronoun after it is probably in my near future.

 

That would be an excellent place for a syntax search!

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Kevin Becker | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 6:36 AM

David B Phillips:

Kevin,

A final thought. The fact that all those extra hits appears isn't that big of a deal. You still get the verses listed on the left. Rather than scanning through each hit, you can simply go to each verse and look at them yourself. If there happen to be two hits in a single verse, you should see it, since you know where to look.

Thanks David for you help. You are right the Morph search is a better tool for this job. I'm glad I wrestled with the syntax search yesterday, though, I understand it a little better.

Ultimately when verse lists return this sort of search/study will be easier.

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davidphillips | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 7:01 AM

Russ Quinn:

Please bear with my newbieness to the Syntactical search engine but why are all of the operators before "Unordered" necessary?

If a response like "Read the manual" is appropriate, I understand.

 

Russ,

That's a great question! One of the great things about syntax searches is that you can be very specific about what you're looking for. The challenge is that if you're too specific you might miss valid hits, but if you're not specific enough you could get a lot of junk. In this case, I included the "Word Group" and "Head term" operators because I was confident I wanted instances where πιστις and ιησου χριστου were in the same syntactical unit. Had I not specified them (or more appropriately, when I first tried the search without them specified!) I received hits like Romans 5:1, where the 3 words appear in the same clause, but are not related. Sometimes you have to construct multiple searches to narrow down what you're looking for. Dave Hooton put together a great primer on having a strategy for syntax searches here: http://wiki.logos.com/A_Strategy_for_Syntax_Search

Does that make sense?

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Rick Brannan (Logos) | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 7:23 AM

This is actually a good example to start with a syntax template.

Here I started with Cascadia's "Adjectival Modification" template, which is pretty strict — it will basically find πιστις Χριστος and nothing else once lemmas are inserted in the query.

I added an additional lemma of Ιησους to the sibling phrase object. Rather than worry about order/hierarchy of Χριστος Ιησους or Ιησους Χριστος, I figured it would be easier if I just supported them both at the same spot.

I also selected "Matching Skips Levels" on the sibling phrase object. This is what ends up causing most of the "multiples" to occur. One effect is everywhere that both Ιησους and Χριστος occur as lemmas will be a double hit. Another effect is that where the same words occur embedded in structures, multiple matches may occur because while the words are the same, the phrase structures contained within the hit(s) are different.

I end up reporting 51 results, but there are 15 verses in the result list (including hits in Acts James and Revelation). Using Beta 2.

Rick Brannan
Logos Bible Software http://logos.com
Core Texts Lead, Content Innovation

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Rick Brannan (Logos) | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 7:39 AM

David B Phillips:

Kevin Becker:

Tracking down every occurrence of pistis with a genitive name or pronoun after it is probably in my near future.

 

That would be an excellent place for a syntax search!

Here I used the search I did prevously as a starting point.

[side note: did you know that you can use a previously saved search as a template for a new search? Open a new syntax search via File->Syntax Search. Click on the one you want to start with in the "Previous searches". Now you've just populated your new search with your old one as template.]

In this instance, I'm not skipping levels because of the intent to tighly tie πιστις to what follows. Louw-Nida 93A is the proper noun, personal name subdomain. I also disallowed matching Ιησους as a lemma (note that Χριστος is not categorized as a name by LN). 39 results, including Ro 4.16-17 which speak of the faith of Abraham. Query below:

 

Rick Brannan
Logos Bible Software http://logos.com
Core Texts Lead, Content Innovation

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Russ Quinn | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 7:40 AM

David B Phillips:

Does that make sense?

David,

It is beginning to make more sense for me. This concrete example of an issue I have worked with before has provided good stimulation for me to dig a little deeper into how these resources work.

Thanks for the link to Dave's primer. I hadn't seen that and will study it this afternoon.

One thing I have realized in just the last little bit is that some of the information I assumed would be in the Syntactic resources is not actually there.

I was surprised to see that there seems to be no information in Cascadia, Lexham or Opentext on the syntax of these genitives (i.e. objective, subjective, source, etc). I assumed that these designations would be part of the tagging system in some way.

Obviously I have a lot to learn about these resources.

Russ

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Rick Brannan (Logos) | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 7:49 AM

Russ Quinn:

One thing I have realized in just the last little bit is that some of the information I assumed would be in the Syntactic resources is not actually there.

I was surprised to see that there seems to be no information in Cascadia, Lexham or Opentext on the syntax of these genitives (i.e. objective, subjective, source, etc). I assumed that these designations would be part of the tagging system in some way.

Obviously I have a lot to learn about these resources.

Hi Russ.

This sort of information is found in the Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament. Here's a listing in the "Expansions and Annotations" resource for Ro 3.22. Note how it classes Ιησους and Χριστος.

There is presently an issue on my tasklist regarding searching for the "Syntactic Force" information using the syntax search features; it is non-functional at present. I also have some ideas on how to make this information available in the sentence graphs for the Lexham SGNT, but that will take a little more work.

Hope it helps.

 

Rick Brannan
Logos Bible Software http://logos.com
Core Texts Lead, Content Innovation

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Halo Hound | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 8:01 AM

Rick Brannan:
There is presently an issue on my tasklist regarding searching for the "Syntactic Force" information using the syntax search features; it is non-functional at present. I also have some ideas on how to make this information available in the sentence graphs for the Lexham SGNT, but that will take a little more work.

I can't wait till you guess are able to get through the "gotta fix" checklist so you can get to the "get to play" checklist :-)

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George Somsel | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Dec 4 2009 8:10 AM

Kevin Becker:

I'm studying pistis cristou and using the opportunity to figure out syntax search. I designed a syntax search to catch pistis cristou and pistis iesous cristou. It's not as good as a Morph search (some false positives, but I'm learning).

My question is, why does the search results show the text from the verse multiple times? It makes the results difficult to use/interpret. Is this a bug/issue or is my search poorly constructed?

Also, any ideas on how to improve this kind of search? Would there be a way to catch pistis iesous only too?

EDIT: This screenshot is from Beta 2, but SR-7 has a very similar behavior.

I limited my search to the NA27 and did a morph search.  For some reason L3 is better for this than L4 since in L4 "lemma:πίστις BEFORE 2 WORDS lemma:χριστός@ngsm" produces no result.  If I use "lemma:πίστις BEFORE 2 words lemma:Χριστός" on one computer I get 5 hits

Rom 3.22
Gal 2.16; 3.22, 26
Phil 3.9

while on the other I get none -- the morph search in L4 is flakey.  I cannot specify "lemma:χριστός" and the form "ngms" for it and get a result on either computer.  Much better is the morph search in L3 "[πίστις=N???] before 2 words [χριστός=NGSM]" which eliminates the spurious Gal 3.26 since that is governed by the preposition ἐν and is therefore in the dative.  Note that this catches both instances with or without the intervening Ἰησοῦ.

george
gfsomsel

יְמֵי־שְׁנוֹתֵינוּ בָהֶם שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה וְאִם בִּגְבוּרֹת שְׁמוֹנִים שָׁנָה וְרָהְבָּם עָמָל וָאָוֶן

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