TIP of the day: Learn original language vocabulary ... and not via flash cards.

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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Posted: Sun, Jun 14 2015 3:53 PM

The above "flash card" (more officially a graphic organizer) is typical of elementary school classrooms. A word is not learned in isolation but in relationship to other words. Here the relationships are minimal:

  • Synonym, a word that in some contexts can replace the vocabulary word without changing the meaning.
  • Antonym, s word that in some contexts can replace the vocabulary word making the meaning the opposite of the original meaning.

As we advance through school, additional relationships are added:

  • Heteronym, a word with the same spelling but a different pronunciation and meaning than the vocabulary word (wind - the wind blows, to wind a clock).
  • Homonym, a word with the same pronunciation as the vocabulary word but different spelling and meaning (toe, tow) 
  • Derivatives, a word that through established rules (often prefixes and suffixes) that are derived from the vocabulary word (evolve, evolution)

Eventually we add relationships shown in the Bible Sense Lexicon:

  • Hyponym is a word that is more specific than the vocabulary word e.g. fish is a hyponym of aquatic animal
  • Hypernym is a word that is more general than the vocabulary word e.g. animal is a hypernym of aquatic animal
  • Coordinate terms share a hypernym e.g. fish and crocodile.

  • a troponym is a manner of doing the vocabulary word e.g. walking, staggering

Some other interesting relationships:

  • meronym is a constituent part of the vocabulary word e,g, finger is a meronym of hand
  • holonym is the whole of which the vocabulary is a constituent part e.g. finer is a holonym of fingernail

One way to learn vocabulary is to make a collection of words that have these relationships with each other and practice until you can place each word in the correct relationships. Original language only - no cheating and classifying the English glosses.

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Matthew C Jones | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Jun 14 2015 5:40 PM

Interesting!   

Thanks for posting it.

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Veli Voipio | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Jun 14 2015 11:06 PM

Well, I did not fully understand, but I support this idea anyway!

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Bruce Dunning | Forum Activity | Replied: Mon, Jun 15 2015 3:54 AM

MJ. Smith:
One way to learn vocabulary is to make a collection of words that have these relationships with each other and practice until you can place each word in the correct relationships. Original language only - no cheating and classifying the English glosses.

Have you actually done this MJ? Can you please explain some more how you have practically used this?

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Danny Zacharias | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Jun 16 2015 10:17 AM

Check out FlashGreek Pro on Android and iOS, it gives this type of info (shameless plug as I'm the developer)

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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Jun 16 2015 11:51 AM

Bruce Dunning:

Have you actually done this MJ? Can you please explain some more how you have practically used this?

Yes, and I'll get a sample here in a day or so - somehow the language I have at my fingertip wouldn't be very helpful.

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

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Bruce Dunning | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Jun 16 2015 12:00 PM

MJ. Smith:

Bruce Dunning:

Have you actually done this MJ? Can you please explain some more how you have practically used this?

Yes, and I'll get a sample here in a day or so - somehow the language I have at my fingertip wouldn't be very helpful.

Thanks. I look forward to seeing it when you have some time.

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James Taylor | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Jun 16 2015 3:37 PM

Danny Zacharias:
shameless plug
it worked (the plug), I bought it. Looks very useful. thanks

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mab | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Jun 18 2015 3:15 PM

Very interesting thread. Context is everything with word usage.

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Ross Durham | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Mar 30 2016 6:09 AM

Interesting

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Bruce Dunning | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Mar 31 2016 6:56 AM

MJ. Smith:
Yes, and I'll get a sample here in a day or so - somehow the language I have at my fingertip wouldn't be very helpful.

MJ, did you ever get a chance to do this yet?

Using adventure and community to challenge young people to continually say "yes" to God

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