Pual vs Nifal

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Robert Peters | Forum Activity | Posted: Fri, Jun 29 2018 10:10 AM

I am looking for something that discusses the difference between teh Pual and the Nifal. Both can be used as the passive of the Qal. I was looking for slightly nuanced aspects of both and why a author might choose one over the other. Any suggestions? 

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Lucian Benigno | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Jun 29 2018 1:24 PM

Pual is the passive of the Piel (which is basically an intensive).

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Robert Peters | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Jun 29 2018 1:40 PM

Nifal not Piel....

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Jack Caviness | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Jun 29 2018 1:50 PM

"The Pual is in all respects the passive of the Piel."

 Christo Van der Merwe et al., A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar, electronic ed. (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999), 82.

The semantics of the Niphal are a bit more complex. Page 77 of the above referenced resource gives these uses:

(i) the passive (mostly of the Qal)

(ii) the reflexive (mostly of the Qal)

c. Some verbs occur in the Niphal, but not in the Qal, and then express an active meaning of the verb

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