Verbum Search through Tip of the Day #23

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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Posted: Wed, Sep 23 2020 3:16 PM

Tip 23: Factbook Biblical Person: Lemma: Bible Word Study: Senses

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Proper nouns generally do not have multiple meanings except in the sense of multiple people sharing a name. Therefore, it is no surprise that the Senses section of a Bible Word Study on אַבְרָם has no results (1). Therefore, I clicked on the lemma אָב (2) to generate a Bible Word Study with results in the Senses section.

From Verbum Help:

Senses Section

This section shows where the word occurs in the Bible Sense Lexicon. It appears in the Bible Word Study guide.[1]

This is a classic example of a definition that is of little help unless one is familiar with the Bible Sense Lexicon.

From Verbum Help:

Bible Sense Lexicon

Enter a word in the search box to explore related meanings, as well as biblical words that can be used in that sense.

The Bible Sense Lexicon lets users explore the meaning of words, and how those words are used in original language contexts.

A sense is a basic unit of meaning. A given lemma (dictionary form of a word) will have one or more senses, one for each basic meaning of the word. A given sense may span across several lemmas.

For example, the sense "to shudder" is a sense of the Greek lemmas tremō, phrissō, and seiō. The Bible Sense Lexicon reveals all three of these Greek lemmas, alerting users to the different connotations of the words that can be translated as "to shudder."

Senses in the Bible Sense Lexicon are related to one another in various ways. For example, the type of relationship expresses the fact that an asp is a type of snake which is in turn a type of reptile, a type of small moving thing, a type of swarming thing, a type of animal, a type of living thing. Other relationships are also expressed (see below).

To view data for a word sense:

1.       Click Tools > Reference > Bible Sense Lexicon; it will open in a new window.

2.       Enter a sense label in the Navigation box and press Enter, or choose from the suggested matches that appear.

3.       Click another sense label in the Relationships section to navigate the Bible Sense Lexicon to that sense, or enter another sense label in the navigation box.

The sections of the Bible Sense Lexicon include:

Left panel

•        The sense label, part of speech, and a definition

•        A  graph showing the frequency of the sense’s usage throughout the Bible, organized by book. The number of occurrences is displayed to the left of the graph.

•        The Lemmas section lists the original language words associated with the displayed sense, ordered from most frequent to least. Clicking a lemma opens a Bible Word Study for that lemma.

•        Hovering over a verse reference will display the full verse in a tooltip.

•        The Relationships section categorizes how the current sense relates to other senses. The + icon appears when there are other senses connected to the one displayed. Non-biblical senses are italicized.

•        Type of denotes the top-down hierarchical relationship for the current sense, e.g. “person” is a type of “living thing”

•        Derived/Derived from lists senses that are derived from similar senses, such as one sense causing another. For example, “to destroy (damage)” is derived from “to be destroyed”

•        Similar to lists adjective senses that are semantically similar. For instance, “dark” is similar to “gloomy”

•        Pertains to connects semantically similar senses regardless of part of speech. For example, “sacrifice” pertains to “sacrificial”

•        Antonyms list senses that have the opposite meaning of the current sense. For instance, “heavy (weight)”  is an antonym of “light”

1.       The See Also section contains links to related Factbook entries, Topic Guides, and Louw-Nida numbers. Clicking the Louw-Nida link will open to that number (or range).

Right panel

The Visualization pane illustrates the Type of hierarchy from the Relationships section in the left pane.

•        Click a “filled in” circle to expand or collapse the list of more specific senses.

•        The word in bold is the current sense; this will be expanded by default.

•        Click Actual Size next to the Navigation box to zoom in (drag to pan the image around), or Fit to scale the visualization to the panel size.

See Also

•        Bible Word Study

•        Exegetical Guide

•        Bible Sense Lexicon: Dataset Documentation[2]

A basic definition from Handbook for Biblical Interpretation:

POLYSEMY

Multiplicity of meanings. In contemporary literary theory, there is much debate about the inherent nature of literary texts to generate and legitimate multiple meanings or understandings. Multiple readings depend not only on the nature of language (esp. literary uses of language) but also on the social location of the reader. Since different readers bring different repertoires to a text, they produce different understandings.[3]

An example of a polysemic word is play which has senses for (a) a theater production, (b) a football play, or (c) an imaginative action of children. One often speaks of context-sensitive disambiguation as the way one selects the correct sense of a word in a particular. What Faithlife has done with there Bible Sense Lexicon is given Verbum users the opinion of Faithlife of which meaning of a word is intended in the text. In some cases, it is important to question the neutrality and accuracy of the Faithlife choice. The same caution applies to blindly accepting the choice of the translators of the Bible translation you are using.

From the Lexham Analytical Lexicon of the Hebrew Bible:

אָב[4]

 

ʾāb, n.c., father; ancestor; progenitor; chief. 1,211×

Root: אָב. Cognates: אֲבִי; אָבִי 2; אֲבִי הָעֶזְרִי; אֲבִי־עַלְבוֹן; אֲבִיאֵל

Bible Senses

father n., a male parent; also used as a term of address to one’s father: Ge 2:24; 4:20–21; 9:18, 22–23; 10:21; 11:28–29; 12:1; 19:31–36; 20:12–13; 22:7, 21; 24:7, 23, 38, 40; 26:3, 15, 18, 24; 27:6, 9–10, 12, 14, 18–19, 22, 26, 30–32, 34, 38–39, 41; 28:2, 7–8, 21; 29:9, 12; 31:1, 5–7, 9, 14, 16, 18–19, 29–30, 35, 42, 53; 32:10; 33:19; 34:4, 6, 11, 13, 19; 35:18, 22, 27; 36:24; 37:1–2, 4, 10–12, 22, 32, 35; 38:11; 41:51; 42:13, 29, 32, 35–37; 43:2, 7–8 … (740×)

ancestor n., someone from whom you are descended; usually more remote than a grandparent and usually strictly masculine, though possibly generic in the plural: Ge 15:15; 17:4–5; 31:3; 46:34; 47:3, 9, 30; 48:15–16, 21; 49:26, 29; Ex 3:6, 13, 15–16; 4:5; 6:14, 25; 13:5, 11; 15:2; 18:4; 20:5; 34:7; Le 25:41; 26:39–40; Nu 1:2, 4, 16, 44–45, 47; 2:2, 32; 11:12; 13:2; 14:23; 17:17–18, 21; 18:1–2; 20:15; 25:14–15; 26:55; 33:54; 36:3–4, 7–8; Dt 1:8, 11, 21, 35; 4:1, 31, 37; 5:3; 6:3, 10, 18, 23; 7:8, 12–13; 8:1, 3, 16, 18; 9:5; 10:11, 15, 22; 11:9, 21; 12:1; 13:7 (388×)

family father n., a family perhaps understood according to the common characteristic of a father being a head of a family: Nu 32:28; Jos 14:1; 19:51; 21:1; 1 Ki 8:1; Ezr 1:5; 2:68; 3:12; 4:2–3; 8:1, 29; 10:16; Ne 1:6; 7:69–70; 8:13; 11:13; 12:12, 22–23; 1 Ch 8:6, 10, 13, 28; 9:9, 33–34; 23:9, 24; 24:6, 31; 26:21, 26, 32–27:1; 29:6; 2 Ch 1:2; 5:2; 19:8; 23:2; 26:12 (44×)

forefather n., an ancestor regarded as a primary founder of a race or family line: Ge 9:22; 19:37–38; 36:9, 43; Dt 26:5; Jos 19:47; Je 35:6, 8, 10, 14, 16, 18 (13×)

father (title) n., a title of respect and affection for an elder or leader: Ge 45:8; 1 Sa 24:12; 2 Ki 2:12; 5:13; 6:21; 13:14; Ps 89:27 (9×)

God father n., the God of Israel or some other deity understood as a father: Dt 32:6; Is 63:16; 64:7; Je 2:27; 3:4, 19; 31:9; Mal 2:10 (9×)

founder n., a person who founds or establishes some activity or group: 1 Ch 2:50–52; 4:14 (5×)

grandfather n., the father of a person’s father or mother: Ge 28:13; 32:10; Ex 10:6; 2 Sa 9:7 (5×)

Greek Alignments

πατήρ n., father: Ge 2:24; 4:20; 9:18, 22–23; 10:21; 11:28–29; 12:1; 15:15; 17:4–5; 19:31–38; 20:12–13; 22:7, 21; 24:7, 23, 38, 40; 26:3, 15, 18, 24; 27:6, 9–10, 12, 14, 18–19, 22, 26, 30–32, 34, 38–39, 41; 28:2, 7–8, 13, 21; 29:9, 12; 31:1, 3, 5–7, 9, 14, 16, 18–19, 29, 35, 42, 53; 32:10; 33:19; 34:4, 6, 11, 13, 19; 35:18, 22, 27; 36:9, 24, 43–37:2, 4, 10–12, 22, 32, 35; 38:11; 41:51; 42:13 … (1,001×)

πατριά n., family; clan; house: Ex 6:25; Nu 1:16, 18, 44, 47; 2:2, 32, 34; 3:15, 20, 24, 30, 35; 4:2, 22, 29, 34, 38, 40, 42, 46; 13:2; 17:17–18, 21; 18:1; 25:14–15; 26:2, 55; 31:26; 32:28; 33:54; 34:14; 36:1, 4, 7; Dt 18:8; Jos 14:1; 19:51; 21:1; 22:14; Ezr 1:5; 2:59, 68; 3:12; 4:2–3; 8:1, 29; 10:16; Ne 7:61, 69–70; 8:13; 10:35; 11:13; 12:12, 22–23; 1 Ch 4:38; 5:13, 15, 24; 6:4; 7:2, 9, 11, 40; 8:6, 10, 13, 28; 9:9, 13 … (110×)

πάτριος adj., lineage; pedigree; of one’s father: Ex 6:14; 12:3; Nu 1:2, 4, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42 (16×)

πατρικός adj., paternal; hereditary: Ge 50:8; Le 22:13; 25:41; Nu 36:8; Jos 6:25; 1 Ch 7:4, 7; 12:29; 26:6 (9×)

πατριάρχης n., patriarch: 1 Ch 24:31; 2 Ch 19:8; 26:12 (3×)

μητρόπολις n., mother city; capital city; mother-state: Jos 15:13; 21:11 (2×)

καταδείκνυμι v., discover; appoint; create: Ge 4:21 (1×)

πρόπαππος n., great-grandfather: Ex 10:6 (2×)

ὁμοπάτριος adj., by the same father: Le 18:11 (1×)

ἀρχιπατριώτης n., head of a family: Jos 21:1 (1×)

κατοικέω v., dwell in; settle in: Jos 24:32 (1×)

ἀναφέρω v., carry up; bring: 1 Sa 20:13 (1×)

γονεύς n., parent: Es 2:7 (1×)

μαστιγόω v., whip; flog: Pr 3:12 (1×)

πατρῷος adj., of one’s father: Pr 27:10 (1×)

ἄγω v., lead; bring: Is 9:5 (1×)

Inflections

אַב

NC-SC (2)

אָב

אָב

NC-SA (48)

אָב

אֲבוֹת

NCFPC (8)

אָב

אָבוֹת

NCFPA (69)

אָב

אֲבוֹתַי

NCFPC (4)

אָב

אֲבוֹתָי

NCFPC (3)

אָב

אֲבוֹתֵיהֶם

NCFPC (22)

אָב

אֲבוֹתָיו

NCFPC (3)

אָב

אֲבוֹתֶיךָ

NCFPC (3)

אָב

אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם

NCFPC (44)

אָב

אֲבוֹתֵינוּ

NCFPC (17)

אָב

אֲבוֹתֵכֶם

NCFPC (1)

אָב

אֲבוֹתָם

NCFPC (60)

אָב

אֲבִי

NC-SC (76)

אָב

אָבִי

NC-SC (130)

אָב

אָבִי

NCMSA (1)

אָב

אָבִי

X (1)

אָב

אָבִיה

NC-SC (1)

אָב

אָבִיהָ

NC-SC (34)

אָב

אָבִיהוּ

NC-SC (7)

אָב

אֲבִיהֶם

NC-SC (37)

אָב

אֲבִיהֶן

NC-SC (8)

אָב

אָבִיו

NC-SC (220)

אָב

אָבִיךְ

NC-SC (10)

אָב

אָבִיךָ

NC-SC (103)

אָב

אֲבִיכֶם

NC-SC (12)

אָב

אֲבִיכֶן

NC-SC (4)

אָב

אָבִינוּ

NC-SC (25)

אָב

אֲבִיעַד

NC-SC (1)

אָב

אָבֹת

NCFPA (2)

אָב

אֲבֹתַי

NCFPC (7)

אָב

אֲבֹתָי

NCFPC (2)

אָב

אֲבֹתֵיהֶם

NCFPC (11)

אָב

אֲבֹתָיו

NCFPC (75)

אָב

אֲבֹתֶיךָ

NCFPC (42)

אָב

אֲבֹתֵיכֶם

NCFPC (34)

אָב

אֲבֹתֵינוּ

NCFPC (37)

אָב

אֲבֹתָם

NCFPC (47)

אָב

The Bible Senses section of the lexicon shows the multiple senses that are reflected by a segment in the Senses ring.

The center of the ring (1) contains a lemma and the senses associated to that lemma. Remember these are not translations of the lemma – they are the senses (meanings) that the lemma can take. Each sense of the lemma gets a segment of the ring representing the percentage of the total occurrences of the lemma reflect this sense (meaning). The segments are separated by color and labeled with the sense.

If one clicks on the lemma in the center of the ring, one opens a detailed list below (2). Each heading line contains:

  • An expand/contract detail arrowhead
  • A sense icon
  • A sense (in word(s))
  • The number of times the lemma is used in this sense
  • The total number of times the lemma is used i.e. the lemmas total use in all senses
  • The number of times this lemma is used in this sense
  • The number of times this sense occurs for all lemmas
  • The spark chart is built in the standard manner i.e. normalized data across chapters of the Bible.

Clicking on a segment of the ring, causes that segment to be pulled out of the ring to highlight it (1) and for a detail list for that meaning to shown below (2). Data shown include:

  • A sense icon
  • A sense (in word(s))
  • The number of times the lemma is used in this sense
  • The total number of times the lemma is used i.e. the lemmas total use in all senses
  • The number of times this lemma is used in this sense
  • The number of times this sense occurs for all lemmas
  • The spark chart is built in the standard manner i.e. normalized data across chapters of the Bible.
  • The part of speech of the sense
  • The gloss for the sense
  • For each of one or more lemmas for the sense
    • A lemma icon
    • The lemma in the script of the original language
    • A speaker icon which, when clicked, provides the pronunciation.
    • The transliterated lemma
    • Bible reference by verse for each occurrence of the sense with the translation text for the sense highlighted. Note that the single sense (meaning) of the Hebrew lemma does not imply a single word is used as the translated text.

Note that the translation is not a settable feature for this section of the Bible Word Study.

Mouse-over the ring segment (1) brings up a popup (2) card in which the ring show the distribution of the sense across the lemmas used for the sense.

Mouse-over the sense in the detail list sense header displays a Bible sense information card. Clicking on the sense opens the Bible Sense Lexicon to that sense.

A discussion of the contents of the Bible Sense Lexicon tool is deferred to the next tip.

Mouse-over on the lemma in the detail list sense header displays a lemma information card. These summary reference cards will be discussed in detail in a later tip.

For the compulsive only

To count the number of times a lemma has a particular sense, do a morphology search with the search argument of the lemma intersecting the sense. Note the count matches that shown above.

To find the total number of times a sense appears in Scripture, both Greek and Hebrew must be considered. The collection Bible in Original Language contains both a Hebrew Old Testament and a Greek New Testament. The count of 13 in Hebrew and 1 in Greek corresponds to the count in front of the spark line above.

 



[1] Verbum Help (Bellingham, WA: Faithlife, 2018).

[2] Verbum Help (Bellingham, WA: Faithlife, 2018).

[3] W. Randolph Tate, Handbook for Biblical Interpretation: An Essential Guide to Methods, Terms, and Concepts (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2012), 327.

[4] The Lexham Analytical Lexicon of the Hebrew Bible (Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2017).Note: the text in the resource is heavily footnoted - the following are footnotes to the LALHB rather than to the Tip.

n.c. common noun

אֲבִיאָסָף; אֲבִיגַ֫יִל; אֲבִיגַל; אֲבִידָן; אֲבִידָע; אֲבִיָּה; אֲבִיָּ֫הוּ; אֲבִיהוּא; אֲבִיהוּד; אֲבִיהַ֫יִל; אֲבִיחַ֫יִל; אֲבִיטוּב; אֲבִיטָ֑ל; אֲבִיָּם; אֲבִימָאֵל; אֲבִימֶ֫לֶךְ; אֲבִינָדָב; אֲבִינֹ֫עַם; אֲבִינֵר; אֶבְיָסָף; אֲבִיעֶ֫זֶר; אֲבִירָם; אֲבִישַׁג; אֲבִישׁוּעַ; אֲבִישׁוּר; אֲבִישַׁי; אֲבִישָׁלוֹם; אֶבְיָתָר; אַבְנֵר; אַבְרָהָם; אַבְרָם; אַבְשַׁי; אַבְשָׁלוֹם; אָהֳלִיאָב; אַחְאָב; אֶחָב; אֱלִיאָב; יוֹאָב; יֶשֶׁבְאָב; כִּלְאָב; עַטְרוֹת בֵּית יוֹאָב

n. noun

… Ge 43:11, 23, 27–28; 44:17, 19–20, 22, 24–25, 27, 30–32, 34; 45:3, 9, 13, 18–19, 23, 25, 27; 46:1, 3, 5, 29, 31; 47:1, 5–7, 11–12; 48:1, 9, 17–19; 49:2, 4, 8, 25, 28; 50:1–2, 5–8, 10, 14–17, 22; Ex 2:16, 18; 10:6; 12:3; 20:12; 21:15, 17; 22:16; 40:15; Le 16:32; 18:7–9, 11–12, 14; 19:3; 20:9, 11, 17, 19; 21:2, 9, 11; 22:13; Nu 1:18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42; 2:34; 3:4, 15, 20, 24, 30, 35; 4:2, 22, 29, 34, 38, 40, 42, 46; 6:7; 7:2; 12:14; 14:18; 17:17; 26:2; 27:3–4, 7, 10–11; 30:4–6, 17; 31:26; 32:8, 14; 34:14; 36:1, 6, 8, 12; Dt 5:9, 16; 21:13, 18–19; 22:15–16, 19, 21, 29–23:1; 24:16; 27:16, 20, 22; 32:7; 33:9; Jos 2:12–13, 18; 4:21; 6:23, 25; 15:13, 18; 17:1, 4; 21:11; 24:2, 32; Jdg 1:14; 6:13, 15, 25, 27; 8:32; 9:1, 5, 17–18, 28, 56; 11:2, 7, 36–37, 39; 14:2–6, 9–10, 15–16, 19; 15:1–2, 6; 16:31; 17:10; 18:19; 19:2–6, 8–9; 21:22; 1 Sa 2:25, 27–28, 30–31; 9:3, 5, 20; 10:2, 12; 14:1, 27–29, 51; 17:15, 25, 34; 18:2, 18; 19:2–4; 20:1–3, 6, 8–10, 12–13, 32–34; 22:1, 3, 11, 15–16, 22; 23:17; 24:22; 2 Sa 2:32; 3:7–8, 29; 6:21; 7:14; 9:7; 10:2–3; 13:5; 14:9; 15:34; 16:3, 19, 21–22; 17:8, 10, 23; 19:29, 38; 21:14; 24:17; 1 Ki 1:6; 2:12, 24, 26, 31–32, 44; 3:3, 6–7, 14; 5:15, 17, 19; 6:12; 7:14, 51; 8:15, 17–18, 20, 24–26; 9:4–5; 11:4, 6, 12, 17, 27, 33, 43; 12:4, 6, 9–11, 14; 13:11–12; 15:3, 15, 19, 26; 18:18; 19:20; 20:34; 22:43, 47, 53–54; 2 Ki 3:2, 13; 4:18–19; 9:25; 10:3; 13:25; 14:3, 5–6, 21; 15:3, 34, 38; 21:3, 20–21; 23:30, 34; 24:9; Is 3:6; 7:17; 8:4; 9:5; 22:21, 23–24; 38:19; 45:10; Je 6:21; 7:18; 12:6; 13:14; 16:3, 7; 20:15; 22:11, 15; 31:29; 47:3; Eze 5:10; 18:2, 4, 14, 17–20; 22:7, 10–11; 44:25; Am 2:7; Mic 7:6; Zec 13:3; Mal 1:6; 3:24; Ps 27:10; 44:2; 45:11, 17; 68:6; 103:13; 109:14; Job 15:10; 17:14; 29:16; 30:1; 31:18; 38:28; 42:15; Pr 1:8; 3:12; 4:1, 3; 6:20; 10:1; 13:1; 15:5, 20; 17:6, 21, 25; 19:13–14, 26; 20:20; 23:22, 24–25; 27:10; 28:7, 24; 29:3; 30:11, 17; Ru 2:11; 4:17; La 5:3; Es 2:7; 4:14; Ezr 2:59; 10:16; Ne 7:61; 1 Ch 2:17, 21, 23–24, 42, 44–45, 49; 4:3–5, 11–12, 17–19, 21, 38; 5:1, 13, 15, 24; 7:2, 4, 7, 9, 11, 14, 22, 31, 40; 8:29; 9:9, 13, 19, 35; 12:29; 17:13; 19:2–3; 21:17; 22:10; 23:11, 24; 24:2, 4, 6, 19, 30; 25:3, 6; 26:6, 10, 13; 28:4, 6, 9; 29:10, 23; 2 Ch 1:8–9; 2:2, 6, 13, 16; 3:1; 5:1; 6:4, 7–8, 10, 15–16; 7:17–18; 8:14; 9:31; 10:4, 6, 9–11, 14; 15:18; 16:3, 13; 17:2; 20:32; 21:3–4, 12–13; 22:4; 24:22; 25:3–5; 26:1, 4; 27:2; 31:17; 32:14–15; 33:3, 22–23; 35:4–5, 12; 36:1

n. noun

… Dt 13:18; 18:8; 19:8; 26:3, 7, 15; 27:3; 28:11, 36, 64; 29:12, 24; 30:5, 9, 20; 31:7, 16, 20; 32:17; Jos 1:6; 5:6; 18:3; 21:43–44; 22:14, 28; 24:2–3, 6, 14–15, 17; Jdg 2:1, 10, 12, 17, 19–20, 22; 3:4; 18:29; 1 Sa 12:6–8, 15; 2 Sa 7:12; 1 Ki 1:21; 2:10; 8:21, 34, 40, 48, 53, 57–58; 9:9; 11:21, 43; 13:22; 14:15, 20, 22, 31; 15:3, 8, 11–12, 24; 16:6, 28; 19:4; 21:3–4; 22:40, 51; 2 Ki 8:24; 9:28; 10:35; 12:19, 22; 13:9, 13; 14:16, 20, 22, 29; 15:7, 9, 22, 38; 16:2, 20; 17:13–15, 41; 18:3; 19:12; 20:5, 17, 21; 21:8, 15, 18, 22; 22:2, 13, 20; 23:32, 37; 24:6; Is 14:21; 37:12; 38:5; 39:6; 43:27; 51:2; 58:14; 64:10; 65:7; Je 2:5; 3:18, 24–25; 7:7, 14, 22, 25–26; 9:13, 15; 11:4–5, 7, 10; 14:20; 16:11–13, 15, 19; 17:22; 19:4; 23:27, 39; 24:10; 25:5; 30:3; 31:32; 32:18, 22; 34:5, 13–14; 35:15; 44:3, 9–10, 17, 21; 50:7; Eze 2:3; 16:3, 45; 20:4, 18, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42; 36:28; 37:25; 47:14; Ho 9:10; Joe 1:2; Am 2:4; Mic 7:20; Zec 1:2, 4–6; 8:14; Mal 2:10; 3:7; Ps 22:5; 39:13; 49:20; 78:3, 5, 8, 12, 57; 95:9; 106:6–7; Job 8:8; 15:18; Pr 22:28; La 5:7; Da 9:6, 8, 16; 11:24, 37–38; Ezr 7:27; 8:28; 9:7; 10:11; Ne 2:3, 5; 9:2, 9, 16, 23, 32, 34, 36; 10:35; 13:18; 1 Ch 2:55; 5:25; 6:4; 12:18, 31; 15:12; 17:11; 26:31; 29:15, 18, 20; 2 Ch 6:25, 31, 38; 7:22; 9:31; 11:16; 12:16; 13:12, 18, 23; 14:3; 15:12; 17:3–4, 14; 19:4; 20:6, 33; 21:1, 10, 12, 19; 24:18, 24; 25:28; 26:2, 23; 27:9–28:1, 6, 9, 25, 27; 29:2, 5–6, 9; 30:7–8, 19, 22; 32:13, 33; 33:8, 12, 20; 34:2–3, 21, 28, 32–33; 35:24; 36:15

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… Ge 42:29, 32, 35–37; 43:2, 7–8, 11, 23, 27–28; 44:17, 19–20, 22, 24–25, 27, 30–32, 34; 45:3, 8–9, 13, 18–19, 23, 25, 27; 46:1, 3, 5, 29, 31, 34–47:1, 3, 5–7, 9, 11–12, 30; 48:1, 9, 15–18, 21; 49:2, 4, 8, 26, 28–29; 50:1–2, 5–7, 10, 14–17, 22; Ex 2:16, 18; 3:6, 13, 15–16; 4:5; 10:6; 13:5, 11; 15:2; 18:4; 20:5, 12; 21:15, 17; 22:16; 34:7; 40:15; Le 16:32; 18:7–9, 11–12, 14; 19:3; 20:9, 11, 17, 19; 21:2, 9, 11; 22:13; 26:40; Nu 3:4; 6:7; 11:12; 12:14; 14:18, 23; 18:2; 20:15; 27:3–4, 7, 10–11; 30:4–6, 17; 32:8, 14; 36:3, 6, 8, 12; Dt 1:8, 11, 21, 35; 4:1, 31, 37; 5:3, 9, 16; 6:3, 10, 18, 23; 7:8, 12–13; 8:1, 3, 16, 18; 9:5; 10:11, 15, 22; 11:9, 21; 12:1; 13:7, 18; 19:8; 21:13, 18–19; 22:15–16, 19, 21, 29–23:1; 24:16; 26:3, 5, 15; 27:3, 16, 20, 22; 28:11, 36, 64; 29:12, 24; 30:5, 9, 20; 31:7, 16, 20; 32:6–7, 17; 33:9; Jos 1:6; 2:12–13, 18; 5:6; 6:23; 15:18; 17:1, 4; 21:43–44; 22:28; 24:2–3, 6, 14–15, 17; Jdg 1:14; 2:1, 10, 12, 17, 19–20, 22; 3:4; 6:13, 15, 25, 27; 8:32; 9:5, 17–18, 28, 56; 11:2, 7, 36–37, 39; 14:2–6, 9–10, 15–16, 19; 15:1–2, 6; 16:31; 17:10; 18:19, 29; 19:2–6, 8–9; 21:22; 1 Sa 2:25, 27–28, 30–31; 9:3, 5, 20; 10:2, 12; 12:6–8; 14:1, 27–29, 51; 17:34; 19:3–4; 20:1–3, 6, 8–10, 12–13, 33–34; 22:1, 3, 11, 15–16, 22; 23:17; 24:22; 2 Sa 2:32; 3:7–8, 29; 6:21; 7:12, 14; 9:7; 10:2–3; 13:5; 14:9; 15:34; 16:3, 19, 21–22; 17:8, 10, 23; 19:29, 38; 21:14; 24:17; 1 Ki 1:6, 21; 2:10, 12, 24, 26, 31–32, 44; 3:3, 6–7, 14; 5:15, 17, 19; 7:14, 51; 8:15, 17–18, 20–21, 24–26, 34, 40, 48, 53, 57–58; 9:4–5, 9; 11:4, 6, 12, 17, 21, 27, 33, 43; 12:4, 6, 9–11, 14; 13:11–12, 22; 14:22, 31; 15:3, 8, 11–12, 15, 19, 24, 26; 16:6, 28; 18:18; 19:4, 20; 20:34; 21:3; 22:40, 43, 51; 2 Ki 2:12; 3:2, 13; 4:18–19; 6:21; 8:24; 9:25; 10:3, 35; 12:19, 22; 13:9, 13–14, 25; 14:3, 5–6, 16, 20–22, 29; 15:3, 7, 9, 22, 34, 38; 16:2, 20; 17:13–14, 41; 18:3; 19:12; 20:5, 17, 21; 21:3, 8, 15, 18, 20–22; 22:2, 13, 20; 23:30, 32, 34, 37; 24:6, 9; Is 3:6; 7:17; 8:4; 14:21; 22:21, 23–24; 37:12; 38:5; 39:6; 43:27; 45:10; 51:2; 58:14; 63:16; 64:7, 10; 65:7; Je 2:5, 27; 3:4, 18–19, 24–25; 6:21; 7:7, 14, 18, 22, 25–26; 9:13, 15; 11:4–5, 10; 12:6; 13:14; 14:20; 16:3, 7, 11–13, 15, 19; 17:22; 19:4; 20:15; 22:11, 15; 23:27, 39; 25:5; 30:3; 31:9, 29, 32; 32:18, 22; 34:5, 13; 35:6, 8, 10, 15–16, 18; 44:9–10, 17, 21; 47:3; 50:7; Eze 2:3; 5:10; 16:3, 45; 18:2, 4, 14, 17–20; 20:4, 18, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42; 22:7, 10–11; 36:28; 37:25; 44:25; 47:14; Ho 9:10; Joe 1:2; Am 2:4, 7; Mic 7:6, 20; Zec 1:2, 4–6; 8:14; 13:3; Mal 1:6; 2:10; 3:7, 24; Ps 22:5; 27:10; 39:13; 44:2; 45:11, 17; 49:20; 68:6; 78:3, 5, 8, 12, 57; 89:27; 95:9; 103:13; 106:6–7; 109:14; Job 8:8; 15:10, 18; 17:14; 29:16; 30:1; 31:18; 38:28; 42:15; Pr 1:8; 4:1, 3; 6:20; 10:1; 13:1; 15:5, 20; 17:6, 21, 25; 19:13–14, 26; 20:20; 22:28; 23:22, 24–25; 28:7, 24; 29:3; 30:11, 17; Ru 2:11; 4:17; La 5:3, 7; Es 4:14; Da 9:6, 8, 16; 11:24, 37–38; Ezr 7:27; 8:28; 9:7; 10:11; Ne 1:6; 2:3, 5; 9:2, 9, 23, 32, 34, 36; 13:18; 1 Ch 2:17, 21, 23–24, 42, 44–45, 49–52, 55; 4:4–5, 11–12, 14, 17–19, 21; 5:1, 25; 7:14, 22, 31; 8:29; 9:19, 35; 12:18; 17:11, 13; 19:2–3; 21:17; 22:10; 24:2, 19; 25:3, 6; 26:10; 28:4, 6, 9; 29:10, 15, 18, 20, 23; 2 Ch 1:8–9; 2:2, 6, 13, 16; 3:1; 5:1; 6:4, 7–8, 10, 15, 25, 31, 38; 7:17–18, 22; 9:31; 10:4, 6, 9–11, 14; 11:16; 12:16; 13:12, 18, 23; 14:3; 15:12, 18; 16:3, 13; 17:2–4; 19:4; 20:6, 32–33; 21:1, 3, 10, 12–13, 19; 22:4; 24:18, 22, 24; 25:3–4, 28–26:2, 4, 23; 27:2, 9–28:1, 6, 9, 25, 27; 29:2, 5–6, 9; 30:7, 19, 22; 32:13–15, 33; 33:3, 8, 12, 20, 22–23; 34:2–3, 21, 28, 32–33; 35:24; 36:1, 15

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… 1 Ch 9:33–34; 12:31; 15:12; 23:9, 11, 24; 24:4, 6, 30–31; 26:13, 21, 26, 31–27:1; 29:6; 2 Ch 1:2; 5:2; 17:14; 23:2; 25:5; 31:17; 35:4–5, 12

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Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

Posts 2628
David Ames | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Sep 23 2020 4:50 PM

Not too long ago there was a thread that explained “senses” and why Root definitions fail.

I cannot locate that thread. A link to that thread might be a good addition to this “tip of the day”

 

Posts 29624
Forum MVP
MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Sep 23 2020 4:54 PM

David Ames:

Not too long ago there was a thread that explained “senses” and why Root definitions fail.

I cannot locate that thread. A link to that thread might be a good addition to this “tip of the day”

 

Thanks I'll look for it. As my training is primarily in languages that organize dictionaries by root and have little fixed vocabulary, I'll admit to an amused response to "roots fail" ... in some languages roots matter, in others the don't, in all they can be abused.

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

Posts 2628
David Ames | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Sep 25 2020 2:30 PM

Found these that might help understand "Sense" 

Updated Feature: Senses Section

https://community.logos.com/forums/p/92821/643951.aspx#643951 

 

Bibles Word sense 

https://community.logos.com/forums/p/65695/458981.aspx#458981   

 

What underpins the sense information in BSL?

https://community.logos.com/forums/p/74015/516618.aspx#516618 

 

Word senses - Exact science, or more of an interpretation?

https://community.logos.com/forums/p/181578/1050222.aspx#1050222  

 

New Feature: Sense Section

https://community.logos.com/forums/p/92618/642927.aspx#642927 

Posts 29624
Forum MVP
MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Sep 25 2020 6:35 PM

Thanks you ... I'll look at incorporating some of this.

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

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