Verbum Search through Tip of the Day #32

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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Posted: Fri, Oct 2 2020 2:14 PM

Tip 32: Factbook Biblical Person: Lemma: Bible Word Study: Grammatical Relationships

Please be generous with your additional details, corrections, suggestions, and other feedback. This is being built in a .docx file for a PBB which will be shared periodically.

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From Verbum Help:

Grammatical Relationships Section

This section displays words that are grammatically related to the guide word as it is used in various contexts, with concordance instances grouped under the various constructions in which they appear.

Results are grouped by grammatical relationships such as “Subject of” and “With Preposition.” Each group displays a list of lemmas, each of which can be expanded to reveal verses in English and the original language that feature the grammatically related word. Each lemma entry also displays a pronunciation link, transliteration, gloss, and a count of occurrences.

The abbreviation for the syntax analysis (clause visualization) resource used is displayed on the section header.

Hover over the section header to reveal the Settings menu. Available options in the section settings include:

•          Select the display format.

•          by related word is selected by default and is the display format described above.

•          verses display Bible references grouped by grammatical construction.

•          Select the resource to search. Available options are listed at the bottom of the pop-up below a Find box that allows users to quickly find a particular resource.

The Grammatical Relationships section can be added to a Bible Word Study.[1]

The Grammatical Relationships is irregular in that the two view options are shown under Selling rather than in the content display:

  • By related word
  • By verses

Although the settings allow for changing the data set from which the data is drawn, for my installation the default and the AFHGR are the same.

  • Default Grammatical Relationships
  • AFHGR a.k.a. Andersen-Forbes Hebrew Grammatical Relationships data set

Note the grammatical relationships dataset is also used in the Example Uses section discussed previously.

The section heading bar contains:

  • An expand/contract arrowhead
  • Section title
  • Resource name based on setting
  • Help preview taken from the Help document
  • Settings which contains: view options, a search, and resource options
  • An “x” to delete the section from the guide.

In by related word sequence:

  • The grammatical relationship heading: subject of, used adjectivally, direct object of, with subject, with object, with adverb . . .
  • Lemma heading
    • An expand/contract arrowhead
    • Lemma in original script
    • Speaker icon for pronunciation
    • Transliterated lemma
    • Gloss
    • Number of occurrences

The detail information has the expected mouse-over and click behavior. It contains:

  • Biblical references
  • Text in Hebrew with relevant phrase highlighted
  • Text in English (highest priority Bible) with relevant phrase highlight

In Verses view the, the adjectival use has been dropped; see BUG: Grammatical relationships disappear by view ... The grammatical relationship heading contains

  • The grammatical role: subject, direct object, predicator. . .
  • Count of occurrence of lemma in that role

Detail lines contain:

  • Biblical references
  • Text in Hebrew with relevant phrase highlighted
  • Text in English (highest priority Bible) with relevant phrase highlight

Abram ≡ Abraham

The Bible Word Study was run on the lemma אַבְרָם Abram specifically to keep the number of occurrence low enough to be able to count – to find and explain discrepancies. However, here the lemma אַבְרָהָם is also included in the results.

Remember the definition of a lemma is based on a dictionary entry. The Anderson-Forbes “dictionary” treats Abram and Abraham as a single entry as one can verify when attempting a syntax search on Abram (see below). Essentially portions of the Bible Word Study that use the AFGHR (Andersen-Forbes Hebrew Grammatical Relationships data set) use a different base text and potentially a different lemma than the rest of the Bible Word Study. Verbum does nothing to alert the user to these differences. Note that the power of Logos is in their skill at mapping data from one Bible text to another; the use of different sources is a strength not a weakness.

Andersen-Forbes syntactic search

There are three resources important for understanding the tagging supplied by the Andersen-Forbes resources in Logos:

  • Andersen, Francis I., and A. Dean Forbes. 2012. Biblical Hebrew Grammar Visualized. Eds. M. O’Connor, Cynthia L. Miller-Naudé, and Jacobus A. Naudé. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
  • Andersen, Francis I., and A. Dean Forbes. 2009. The Hebrew Bible: Andersen-Forbes Phrase Marker Analysis. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.
  • Andersen, Francis I., and A. Dean Forbes. 2006. A Systematic Glossary to the Andersen-Forbes Analysis of the Hebrew Bible. Logos Bible Software.

Tangentially related are:

From the Andersen-Forbes website comes this bibliography of relevant works:

Books (in Chronological Order):

  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, A Synoptic Concordance to Hosea, Amos, Micah, Volume VI of the Computer Bible, (Wooster: Biblical Research Associates, 1974), xx + 329 pages.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, Eight Minor Prophets: A Linguistic Concordance, Volume X of the Computer Bible, (Wooster: Biblical Research Associates, 1976), xii + 612 pages
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, A Linguistic Concordance of Ruth and Jonah: Hebrew Vocabulary and Idiom, Volume XI of the Computer Bible, (Wooster: Biblical Research Associates, 1976), viii + 197 pages.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, A Linguistic Concordance of Jeremiah: Hebrew Vocabulary and Idiom, Volume XIV of the Computer Bible, (Wooster: Biblical Research Associates, 1978), xiv + 1390 pages.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, Spelling in the Hebrew Bible, (Rome: The Pontifical Biblical Institute Press, 1986), xxii + 379 pages.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, The Vocabulary of the Old Testament, (Rome: The Pontifical Biblical Institute Press, 1989 [second printing: 1992]), xiii + 721 pages.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, A Key-Word-in-Context Concordance to Psalms, Job, and Proverbs, Volume XXXIV of the Computer Bible, (Wooster: Biblical Research Associates, 1992), viii + 816 pages.
  • Freedman, D. N., A. D. Forbes, and F. I. Andersen, Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Orthography, Volume 2 of Biblical and Judaic Studies from the University of California, San Diego, edited by William Henry Propp, (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1992), xi + 328 pages.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, A Key-Word-in-Context Concordance to the Pentateuch, Volume XXXVa/b of the Computer Bible, (Lewiston, NY: Mellen Biblical Press, 1995), viii + 1708 pages (published as a six volume set).
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, Biblical Hebrew Grammar Visualized, (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2012), xviii+394.

Chapters and Articles (in Chronological Order):

  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Prose Particle Counts of the Hebrew Bible,” in C. Meyers and M. O’Connor (editors), The Word of the Lord Shall Go Forth: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Sixtieth Birthday, (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns and American Schools for Oriental Research, 1983), 165– 83.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Orthography and Text Transmission,” TEXT 2, 1985: 25– 53.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Problems in Taxonomy and Lemmatization,” in Proceedings of the First International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer – The Text, (Paris-Geneva: Champion-Slatkine, 1986), 37– 50.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Methods and Tools for the Study of Old Testament Syntax,” in Proceedings of the Second International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer – Methods, Tools, Results, (Paris-Geneva: Champion-Slatkine, 1989), 61– 72.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “On Marking Clause Boundaries,” in Proceedings of the Third International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer – Methods, Tools, Results, (Paris-Geneva: Champion-Slatkine, 1992), 181– 202.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Opportune Parsing: Clause Analysis of Deuteronomy 8,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer – Desk & Discipline, (Paris: Editions Honore Champion, 1995), 49– 75.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Syntactic Ambiguity in the Hebrew Bible,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer –  Desk & Discipline, (Paris: Editions Honore Champion, 1995), 356– 367.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Towards a Clause-Type Concordance of TNK,” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer –  Translation, (Paris: Editions Honore Champion, 1998), 41– 70.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Approximate Graph-Matching as an Enabler of Example-Based Translation,” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer– Translation, (Paris: Editions Honore Champion, 1998), 285– 314.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “What Kind of Taxonomy is Best for Feeding into Computer-Assisted Research into the Syntax of a Natural Language,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Colloquium: From Alpha to Byte, (Leiden: Brill, 2002), 23– 42.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Attachment Preferences in the Primary History,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Colloquium: From Alpha to Byte, (Leiden: Brill, 2002), 167– 86.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “Hebrew Grammar Visualised: I. Syntax,” ANES XL, 2003: 43– 61.
  • Andersen, F. I., and A. D. Forbes, “The Participle in Biblical Hebrew and the Overlap of Grammar and Lexicon,” in Malena, S., and D. Miano (eds.), Milk and Honey: Essays on Ancient Israel and the Bible in Appreciation of the Judaic Studies Program at the University of California, San Diego, (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 2007), 185– 212.
  • Andersen, F. I. and A. D. Forbes, “Matres Lectionis: Biblical Hebrew.” In G. Khan (ed.), Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, vol. II, (Leiden: Brill, 2013), 607-11.
  • Forbes, A. D., and F. I. Andersen, “Dwelling on Spelling.” In C. Miller-Naudé and Z. Zevit (eds.), Diachrony in Biblical Hebrew, (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2012), 127-45.

Other:

  • Forbes, A. D., “Syntactic Sequences in the Hebrew Bible,” in E. G. Newing and E. W. Conrad (editors), Perspectives on Language and Text: Essays and Poems in Honor of Francis Ian Andersen on His Sixtieth Birthday, (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1987), 59– 70.
  • Forbes, A. D., “Statistical Research on the Bible,” in David Noel Freedman (ed), The Anchor Dictionary of the Bible, (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co, 1992), VI: 185-206.
  • Forbes, A. D., “A Critique of Statistical Approaches to the Isaiah Authorship Problem,” in Proceedings of the Third International Colloquium: Bible and the Computer – Methods, Tools, Results, (Paris-Geneva: Champion-Slatkine, 1992), 531– 545.
  • Forbes, A. D., “Shards, Strophes, and Stats,” in Beck, A. et al. (editors), Fortunate the Eyes that See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday, (Grand Rapids: Academie Publ. Co., 1995), 310– 21.
  • Forbes, A. D., “Squishes, Clines, and Fuzzy Signs: Mixed and Gradient Categories in the Biblical Hebrew Lexicon,” in Forbes, A. D., and D. G. K. Taylor (eds.), Foundations for Syriac Lexicography I, (Piscataway, N. J.: Gorgias, 2005), 105– 39.
  • Forbes, A. D., “Empirical Taxonomy and the Hebrew Bible,” in Shawna Dolansky (ed.), Sacred History, Sacred Literature: Essays on Ancient Israel, the Bible, and Religion in Honor of R. E. Friedman on His Sixtieth Birthday, (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2008), 61-71.
  • Forbes, A. D., “Distributionally-Inferred Word and Form Classes in the Hebrew Lexicon,” in Peter Williams (ed.), Foundations for Syriac Lexicography II, (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias, 2009), 1-34.
  • Forbes, A. D., “How Syntactic Formalisms Can Advance the Lexicographer’s Art.” In Janet Dyk and Wido van Peursen (eds.), Foundations for Syriac Lexicography III, (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias, 2009), 139-160.
  • Forbes, A. D., “The Challenge of Consistency.” In Luis Vegas Montaner et al. (eds.), Computer Assisted Research in the 21st Century, (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias, 2010), 111-126.
  • Forbes, A. D., “The Diachrony Debate: Perspectives from Pattern Recognition and Meta-Analysis,” Hebrew Studies, LIII, 2012: 7-42.
  • Forbes, A. D. “Collocation: Biblical Hebrew.” In G. Khan (ed.), Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, vol. I, (Leiden: Brill, 2013),  480-83.
  • Forbes, A. D., “A Tale of Two Sitters and a Crazy Blue Jay.” In Richard A. Taylor and Craig E. Morrison (eds.), Reflections on Lexicography: Explorations in Ancient Syriac, Hebrew, and Greek Sources, (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias, 2014), 235-56. [Historical review of the Andersen-Forbes collaboration.]
  • Forbes, A. D. “The Proper Role of Valency in Biblical Hebrew Studies.” Pages 95-112 in T. M. Lewis, A. G. Salvesen, and B. Turner (eds.), Contemporary Examinations of Classical Languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac, and Greek): Valency, Lexicography, Grammar, and Manuscripts. Perspectives on Linguistics and Ancient Languages 8. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2016.
  • Forbes, A. D. “On Dating Biblical Hebrew Texts: Sources of Uncertainty/Analytic Options.” Pages 297-330 in T. Li and K. Dyer (eds.), From Ancient Manuscripts to Modern Dictionaries. Select Studies in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek. Perspectives on Linguistics and Ancient Languages 9. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2016. 

While one can generate Searches on Andersen-Forbes coding from The Hebrew Bible: Andersen-Forbes Phrase Marker Analysis of the Hebrew Bible, I have not yet been able to generate meaningful results: BUG: Why does this system built search fail to find any results?

However, one can verify the data in Grammatical Relationships by using the Syntax Search:

Step 1: Select the Syntax Search

Step 2: Set resources to be searched to Andersen-Forbes Phrase Marker

Step 3: Select Subject (Andersen-Forbes). Note that there are six options each available in Hebrew or English.

Step 4: Enter אַבְרָהָם as the lemma. Remember that אַבְרָם does not work as a lemma – try it for yourself.

Step 5: Run search. Note that the count of 98 matches that of the Grammatical Relationships in Verses view.

 



[1] Verbum Help (Bellingham, WA: Faithlife, 2018).

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

Posts 3167
Beloved Amodeo | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Oct 3 2020 4:49 PM

MJ. Smith:

Step 4: Enter אַבְרָהָם as the lemma. Remember that אַבְרָם does not work as a lemma – try it for yourself.

Step 5: Run search. Note that the count of 98 matches that of the Grammatical Relationships in Verses view.

MJ., I follow you until Step3. I can't get Logos to stop searching my ESV though I prioritize the Phrase Marker Analysis and alternatively the LHB. I tried several permutations, all without result. Please help a brother out.

Edit BTW the ESV returns no results!

Meanwhile, Jesus kept on growing wiser and more mature, and in favor with God and his fellow man.

International Standard Version. (2011). (Lk 2:52). Yorba Linda, CA: ISV Foundation.

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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Oct 3 2020 4:55 PM

Could you provide a screen shot of what you are seeing?

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

Posts 3167
Beloved Amodeo | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Oct 3 2020 5:17 PM

MJ. Smith:

Could you provide a screen shot of what you are seeing?

I have 3:

I've also tried h:abraham; nothing works.

Meanwhile, Jesus kept on growing wiser and more mature, and in favor with God and his fellow man.

International Standard Version. (2011). (Lk 2:52). Yorba Linda, CA: ISV Foundation.

MacBook Pro macOS Big Sur 11.6 1TB SSD 

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Beloved Amodeo | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Oct 3 2020 6:50 PM

Something is amiss. I got results for English Subject(AF) donkey but not Hebrew lemma.

Meanwhile, Jesus kept on growing wiser and more mature, and in favor with God and his fellow man.

International Standard Version. (2011). (Lk 2:52). Yorba Linda, CA: ISV Foundation.

MacBook Pro macOS Big Sur 11.6 1TB SSD 

Posts 33484
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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Oct 3 2020 8:39 PM

The transliteration of the Hebrew is off so I don't think you're getting the Hebrew lemma

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

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Dave Hooton | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Oct 4 2020 4:47 AM

Beloved Amodeo:
I've also tried h:abraham; nothing works.

For donkey use he.חמור.2

For Abraham use he.אברהם

Dave
===

Windows 10 & Android 8

Posts 3167
Beloved Amodeo | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Oct 4 2020 1:41 PM

MJ. Smith:

The transliteration of the Hebrew is off so I don't think you're getting the Hebrew lemma

I have turned on the Hebrew Transliteration, but I still fail to get the dropdown menu. This is demoralizing. What am I doing wrong?

Meanwhile, Jesus kept on growing wiser and more mature, and in favor with God and his fellow man.

International Standard Version. (2011). (Lk 2:52). Yorba Linda, CA: ISV Foundation.

MacBook Pro macOS Big Sur 11.6 1TB SSD 

Posts 3167
Beloved Amodeo | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Oct 4 2020 1:45 PM

Dave Hooton:

Beloved Amodeo:
I've also tried h:abraham; nothing works.

For donkey use he.חמור.2

For Abraham use he.אברהם

Dave, I've tried those they do not work. I consistently get no results for Hebrew Subjects.

Meanwhile, Jesus kept on growing wiser and more mature, and in favor with God and his fellow man.

International Standard Version. (2011). (Lk 2:52). Yorba Linda, CA: ISV Foundation.

MacBook Pro macOS Big Sur 11.6 1TB SSD 

Posts 33484
Forum MVP
MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Oct 4 2020 1:54 PM

You're saying that you never get anything in the dropdown menu? That sounds like either resources that are not owned or indexes that are corrupt. I'm not certain on how to force a reindex of a dataset.

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

Posts 3167
Beloved Amodeo | Forum Activity | Replied: Sun, Oct 4 2020 2:42 PM

MJ. Smith:

You're saying that you never get anything in the dropdown menu? That sounds like either resources that are not owned or indexes that are corrupt. I'm not certain on how to force a reindex of a dataset.

ִI am certainly in agreement with you. At this juncture I need the intervention of the FL divine counsel. This is what I beg in my bug post. Thank you, MJ. Maybe a simple reindex will help. If more is required it is well above my ken.

Meanwhile, Jesus kept on growing wiser and more mature, and in favor with God and his fellow man.

International Standard Version. (2011). (Lk 2:52). Yorba Linda, CA: ISV Foundation.

MacBook Pro macOS Big Sur 11.6 1TB SSD 

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