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MJ. Smith | Forum Activity | Posted: Sun, Aug 16 2015 9:00 PM

How do I make my lexicons more readable?


One thing that I like about the BDB is the ability to use the visual filter titled "Outline formatting". It makes things easier for me to organize in my mind. In the pictures below, I used your example of Jonah 2:9 to show the difference.

David Knoll:

I think there is no need for discussion. the entries speak for themselves. I only want to draw your attention to the fact that DCH has three entries for צלמות (two of them exactly the same) and while it is not that difficult to read all the data together since they come one after the other, in other instances, when the difference is not merely in the vocalisation, the entries are separate and not close to each other :



†צַלְמָ֫וֶת S6757 TWOT1921b GK7516 n.[m.] death-shadow, deep shadow, poet. • (prob. = צֵל + מָוֶת, 𝔊 (usually) σκιὰ θανάτου, cf. 𝔖 𝔙, so Thes SchwallyLeben n. d. Tode, 194, v. especially Nö xvii (1897), 183 ff.; Ew Br and most mod. (after older comm.) read צַלְמוּת darkness, deep darkness, cp. Arabic ظَلَمَ (ẓalama) IV, Assyrian [ṣalâmu], Ethiopic ጸልመ (ṣalma) be black, dark);

— • death-shadow, cf. ظُلْمَةٌ (ẓulmatun) 6, often || חֹשֶׁךְ, לַיְלָה, etc., and opp. בֹּקֶר, אוֹר. 1. = deep shadow, darkness (cf. הַרְרֵי אֵל, אַרְזֵי אֵל): • Am 5:8; Jb 3:5; 12:22; 24:17a; 28:3; 34:22; • of eyes heavy with weeping 16:16; • בַּלְהוֹת צ׳ 24:17b terrors of the darkness.

2. fig. a. of distress Je 13:16 ψ 107:10, 14; • אֶרֶץ צ׳ Is 9:1. b. of extreme danger Je 2:6 ψ 23:4; 44:20. 3. characterizing world of the dead, אֶרֶץ חֹשֶׁךְ וצ׳ Jb 10:21, כְּמוֹ אֹפֶל צ׳ v 22 (text dub., v. Bu Du); • וְשַׁעֲרֵי צ׳ 38:17 (𝔊 πυλωροὶ δὲ ᾅδου; || שַׁעֲרֵי־מָ


צַלְמָ֫וֶת (Oriental צֵ׳, Kahle Text 74 and Ost. 196); • Sept. σκῖα Θανάτου; • probably by popular folk etymology from צֵל and מָוֶת; • < *צַלְמוּת (II צלם), see Gesenius-B.; • KBL; • see also Zorell Lex. :: Hehn MVAG 22 (1918) 79ff; • cf. Bauer-L. Heb. 506u; • MHeb., DSS (Kuhn Konkordanz 187): • gloom (deeper than חֹשֶׁךְ), an impenetrable gloom, pitch, darkness, see W. Thomas JSS 7 (1962) 191-200; • Tromp BiblOr. 21 (1969) 140-142; • Koch ZAW 86 (1974) 519; • cf. Barr Questions disputées de l’AT (Louvain, 1974) 52ff; • (THAT 1:87: 18 times, 10 times in Job).

1. Am 58 (:: בֹּקֶר), Jr 1316 (:: אוֹר), Ps 4420, 10710.14 (parallel with חֹשֶׁךְ), Jb 35 3422 (parallel with חֹשֶׁךְ), 1022 (parallel with אֹפֶל), 1222 (:: אוֹר), 2417 (::

בֹּקֶר), עַפְעַפֵּי צַ׳ 1616, אֶבֶן אֹפֶל וְצַ׳ 283. 2.אֶרֶץ צַלְמָוֶת Is 91, אֶרֶץ צִיָּה וְצַ׳ Jr 26, אֶרֶץ חֹשֶׁךְ וְצַ׳ Jb 1021, שַׁעֲרֵי צַ׳ 3817, גֵּיא צַ׳ Ps 234. †


צַלְמָ֫וֶת 18.0.1 n.[m.] shadow of death, gloom, deep darkness, compound of צֵל shadow and ‏מָוֶת death (‏מָוֶת perh. being understood as indicating a superlative, thus deep darkness*), or em. all occurrences to ‏צַלְמוֹת darkness or צַלְמוּת darkness, הפך turn (into) Am 58. אֶרֶץ צַלְמָוֶת land of the shadow of death Is 92 Jr 26, גֵּיא valley of Ps 234. לְ into, + שׂים place, i.e. turn Jr 1316; בְּ of instrument, by (means of), with, + כסה pi. cover Ps 4419, שׂוך fence in 1QH 1333. צַלְמָוֶת || עֲרָפֶל darkness Jr 1316, לַיְלָה night Am 58; + צִיָּה dryness, dry ground Jr 26, נֶשֶׁף twilight, i.e. darkness Jr 1316; :: אוֹר light Is 92 Jr 1316, בֹּקֶר morning Am 58. Also perh. 4QPrFêtesc 1893. עֲרָפֶל darkness, לַיְלָה night. אוֹר light, בֹּקֶר morning. → צֵל shadow + מָוֶת death.

✱ ‏[צַלְמוֹת]‎ n.f.pl. darkness, alw. if em. צַלְמָוֶת shadow of death, הפך turn (into) Am 58. אֶרֶץ צַלְמוֹת land of darkness Is 92 Jr 26, גֵּיא valley of Ps 234. לְ into, + שׂים place, i.e. turn Jr 1316; בְּ of instrument, by (means of), with, + כסה pi. cover Ps 4419, שׂוך fence in 1QH 1333.

✱ ‏[צַלְמוּת]‎ n.[m.] darkness, alw. if em. צַלְמָוֶת shadow of death, הפך turn (into) Am 58. אֶרֶץ צַלְמוּת land of darkness Is 92 Jr 26, גֵּיא valley of Ps 234. לְ into, + שׂים place, i.e. turn Jr 1316; בְּ of instrument, by (means of), with, + כסה pi. cover Ps 4419, שׂוך fence in 1QH 1333.

חרך (noun) there is also a verb:


II. חרך S2760 TWOT742 GK3047 (√ of foll.; meaning unknown).

†חֲרַכִּים S2762 TWOT742a GK3048 n.[m.]pl. lattice or other opening through which one may look (Aramaic חֲרַכָּא 𝔗 Jos 2:15 al. = Heb. חַלּוֹן; but NH חֲרָךְ is an opening smaller than a window)—only מֵצִיץ מִן־הַח׳ Ct 2:9 peeping in at the lattice (|| מַשְׁגִּיחַ מִן־הַחַלֹּנוֹת).


II *חרך: Arb. ḫaraqa to make a hole (Guillaume 4:7).

Der. *חָרָךְ. *חָרָךְ: II חרך: • MHb.2 חרך, JArm.tg חֲרַכָּא, window: • חֲרַכִּים, BL 558c: • lattice (Dalman Arbeit 7:74) Song 29.


‏[חָרָךְ]‎ 1 n.m. lattice—pl. חֲרַכִּים; Gnz ‏חֲרִכִּים‎— ‏מִן of direction, from, + צוץ hi. look Ca 29 (|| חַלּוֹן window). חַלּוֹן window.


Hi Jonathan - one thing you can do is switch to "Outline format" view, which make sit considerably easier to view and read. It's a neat feature introduced in Logos 6 for some lexicons. To switch it on, go to the three circles at the top of the tile and check "Outline formatting". It won't work on earlier versions of Logos, but it does make the lexical entries a lot clearer. 

How should I prioritize my lexicons and why?

Mark Barnes:


  • BDAG - the most comprehensive and authoritative
  • LSJ - handles words outside the NT, so I want it second to pick up words BDAG misses
  • Louw-Nida - The structure is different to most lexicons, so can give a different perspective.
  • TLNT - the best in-depth theological lexicon IMO
  • Lexham Theological Workbook - I think this is really useful, as it's both brief and theological
  • TDNT - To pick up words not in TLNT or LTW

The logic is that there are three types of lexicons here. In positions (1) and (2) are standard academic lexicons. In (3) is a lexicon organised by sematic field, and in (4) to (6) are theological lexicons. That means I can get to any type of lexicon from the context menu in a couple of clicks.


  • HALOT - the most comprehensive, although can sometimes be confusing
  • DBL Hebrew - much simpler than HALOT, so I use this if I'm in a hurry
  • NIDOTTE - the best theological lexicon (until TDOT comes out)
  • Lexham Theological Workbook - quicker than NIDOTTE

How do I read through my annotations?

Dave Hooton:

In the resource, make sure that Notes will be visible via the triangle icon. Then make sure the Locator Bar is showing, select Annotation and navigate via the up and down arrows. This will show highlighting as well as notes

hope this helps.

How do I manage the columns shown in Search results?

Tony Walker:

I've attached a screenshot that will show exactly what i am talking about. when i do a bible search and select the 'verses' view it shows duplicate columns of the text. how do i make it just show one column?


Dave Hooton:

Erase KJV1900 in the box below Verses and press Return (or click on the X at the end of the box).

How do I underline in Notes?

Dylan Rondeau:

This actually took some discussion around the office, but apparently in the past we deliberately decided not to include an underline button.

You can still underline using the standard keyboard shortcut (Ctrl+U or Cmd+U) but there is not, and never has been, a "U" button. Surprise

How do I add a whole article or chapter to clippings or a reading list?


Douglas Livie:
 The idea is to collect a list of texts without having to pre-read which ones I want to use.

I don't use clippings in Logos, instead I collect my research in a word processor document. For short quotes, I just do a normal copy and paste. But for the longer articles, I "copy location as URL" and then paste it as a web link in my document. Later, when I am writing my sermon, I can just click on the web link and it opens it in Logos.

The difference between using "Favorites" as Mike suggested (which would be a good way to go) and this method is that I can put the link to the article right in my research notes.

I realize this may not fit your workflow, but it's an idea for you to consider.

Also, you can see here— https://wiki.logos.com/Favorites to learn more about how to use Favorites effectively.

Ronald Quick:

I think Logos will come close to what you are trying to accomplish. 

(I don't have a Mac so I don't know if this will work exactly the same way)

1.  First open a clipping document with the articles/chapters you want to read later.

2.  Highlight the chapter or article title in the text (not in the table of contents)

3.  Right click and a pop up window will open up that will allow you to select "add clipping to_____"  Then click to add the chapter or article title you have selected.

4.  Then in your clipping document you will have the title resource highlighted that will open up the resource to where you want to read when you click on it.

5.  You can also add a note to the clipping document for additional information. 


I found this on the web—Is this what you were doing in Scrivener?

Want to insert a hyperlink to a web page that’s not imported into your project?

1. Copy the URL of the web page.

2. Select the word or text you’d like to use for the hyperlink.

3. Go to Edit–>Add Link.

4. Make sure the Web option is selected, and then enter the URL of the web page in the text box and click OK.
NOTE: If you copied the address from your web browser, it probably already has the http:// in it, so choose the No Prefix option.

5. Use your link

Which resource in my library is largest?

Tim Taylor:

Ok, so basically I am wanting to know how to find what resources in my library are the largest (in file size)? This would be very handy if trying to load a large Logos 6 library on a computer that has limited disk space. It is my understanding that if you hide a resource from your library, it will not download it or it will delete the local copy, is that correct? If so, then being able to isolate the largest files in the Logos library and hide them could potentially be a quick way to allow Logos to run on a computer that is running out of disk space. Does my question make sense? I hope so.

I have looked in the resources folder on my file system (/Users/timtaylor/Library/Application Support/Logos4/Data/ddecr09m.7in/ResourceManager/Resources) and after sorting by largest file size, I found this (see screenshot), but I'm not always able to figure out which resource these filenames match with. It seems as if I'm close but missing one last step. Any ideas? Thanks in advance!

P. S. I apologize if this has already been discussed and if so I ask that you provide links to the relevant discussions. 


You can copy the resource file name (minus the suffix) and paste it in the Command Bar:

Bradley Grainger (Faithlife):

Well, the ELNT is an audio file, so maybe that's why it doesn't work.

Correct; this is a "data" resource that powers the Greek Audio New Testament. Because it doesn't appear in the Library, it can't be hidden in the current version of Logos.

How do I search my Prayer Lists?


In the Basic search pane select "Your Documents" This will return all the documents (notes, clippings, prayer lists, etc.) that contain whatever you search for. Just look for the documents identified as prayer lists in the results. 

How do I search Tags in Clippings?


... Finally, after all this time, it is at last here, in full version (not beta), in Logos 6.5: FULL results of user documents searches. Some features, tags, clippings and document searches have been resurrected:

It was indeed a painful road to get here, but HURRAY! I am so glad it's here!

How do I drag-and-drop a URL to Favorites?

Win 10's Microsoft Edge does not support drag-and-drop URL's

How to search for Jesus and meals?

Mike Meiser:

When I approach these types of questions, I like to start with the general and work my way to the more specific. 

The first step I took when approaching this was just to simply find verses that mention Jesus eating. See image below for this search.

One of the search hits is Matt 9:11. This is a great passage about Jesus sharing a meal with tax collectors and sinners. It also has an interesting phrase, "reclined at table" (ESV).

This spurred me on to right click in this phrase to see what data might lie behind it. This revealed a topical tag "eating a meal."

From here we can launch the Factbook on this topic. This Factbook page is amazingly rich with all kinds of data that I think will be helpful to you. One place in particular is the Sense section. Here you can find all the places where the sense for "eating a meal" or "reclining at table" are used in the Bible.


After looking at the results from the above study, I was also able to craft this little search that may be of use. See image below. 

Hope this helps.

How do I hide the Community Notes icons?


Yes. In the resource pane click the Visual Filter icon (three dots in the shape of a triangle). Uncheck community notes  


I believe that a control click will allow you to turn it off for all resources 

How do I refresh my Home Page?

Graham Criddle:

Robert S. Ogle:
I was also wishing to know how to refresh the Logos 6 home screen on my Mac

You could try Fn-F5 - more details at https://wiki.logos.com/Logos_Keyboard_Shortcuts_For_Mac 

Orthodox Bishop Hilarion Alfeyev: "To be a theologian means to have experience of a personal encounter with God through prayer and worship."

Posts 34
James W Uhlmann | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Aug 27 2015 8:53 PM

Mike Meiser: After looking at the results from the above study, I was also able to craft this little search that may be of use. See image below. 

Mike I could only get one response to your search Lk7.37. I added Jesus to your search and got 27 results in 11 verses.

(Jesus,sinner,"tax collector") NEAR (<Sense to recline at table>,<Sense to eat (a meal)>)

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