Sample of Dictionary of Classical Hebrew

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DAL | Forum Activity | Posted: Tue, Sep 6 2016 8:33 PM

Could anybody please post any sample of the DOCH and also comment on why having it would be useful?

Thanks!

DAL

Posts 1395
James Taylor | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Sep 6 2016 8:41 PM

DAL:
any sample of the DOCH

אָדָם I 548.31.101.2 n.m. human being—cstr. Q אדם—1. collective, humanity, people (as distinct from God or animals), persons in general (usu. without regard to sex, e.g. Gn 5:2), human race as a whole, also with ref. to smaller groups, e.g. inhabitants of a city; of persons in general. Distinction between אָדָם as collective and as individual not alw. clear, perh. also at times אָדָם Adam (pr.n.m.) is intended; rarely, אָדָם takes pl. verb (e.g. Jr 47:2; Zp 1:17).
<SUBJ> חיה live Ex 33:20; Lv 18:5; Dt 5:24; 8:3, 3; Ezk 20:11, 13, 21; Ne 9:29; 4QDibHama 617; CD 316; 4QDb12, לין pass the night, i.e. endure Ps 49:13 (or em. בין understand), משׁל ni. be comparable (to) Ps 49:13, 21 (+ בְּהֵמָה beast), דמה be like 144:4, יצר ni. be fashioned Si 36:10, רבב become many Gn 6:1, רבה be numerous Ezk 36:11, פרה be fruitful 36:11, ישׁב dwell Jr 2:6 (‖ אִישׁ man), אמר say 58:12, נגד hi. tell 64:10, קרא call Jon 3:8, זעק cry out Jr 47:2 (+ כֹּל יוֹשֵׁב הָאָֽרֶץ every inhabitant of the country), בטא utter Lv 5:4.
הלך go Jr 50:3; Zp 1:17, יצא go out Ps 104:23 (+ לְפָעֳלֹו to his work), שׁוב return Jb 34:15 (+ עַל־עָפָר to dust; + כָּל־בָּשָׂר all flesh), נוד wander Jr 50:3, משׁך follow Jb 21:33, ירשׁ possess Ezk 36:12, עשׂה do Lv 18:5; Ezk 20:11, 13, 21; Ps 56:12; 118:6; Ne 9:29; CD 316; 4QDb12 4QDibHama 617(Baillet) ([יעשה]) 4QShirb 306(Baillet) (‖ אִישׁ man), make idols, gods Is 2:20; Jr 16:20, חלל hi. begin Gn 6:1, שׁלך hi. throw away idols Is 2:20, שׁתה drink Jon 3:7, טעם taste 3:7, רעה feed 3:7.
ראה see Ex 33:20 (obj. God) 1 S 16:7, 7 (:: Y.) Ps 64:10(mss), שׁעה look Is 17:7, חזה look Jb 36:25 (‖ אֱנוֹשׁ person), ידע know Jon 4:11; Pr 28:2 (or em. יֹדֵעַ כֵּן יַאֲרִיךְ by knowledgeable people, thus will it endure to יִדְעָֽכוּן they will be extinguished) Ec 9:1, 12, בין understand Ps 49:13 (if em. לין pass the night) 49:21, hi. Pr 28:2, שׂכל hi. understand Ps 64:10, זכר remember Ec 9:15, כזב lie Ps 116:11, pi. CD 1925, קבע rob God Ml 3:8 (or em. עקב trick), מעל be disloyal CD 108, חטא sin Zp 1:17, ירא fear Ps 64:10 (mss ראה see), רעשׁ quake Ezk 38:20, ענה pi. afflict Is 58:5 (obj. נַפְשׁוֹ oneself), שׁחח ni. be humbled 2:9=5:15 (both ‖ אִישׁ man), כסה htp. cover oneself Jon 3:8, חפשׂ pu. be sought, i.e. be hidden Pr 28:12 (or em. htp. disguise oneself), סתר ni. be hidden 28:28.
<NOM CL> אֵין הָאָדָם there was no one Jr 4:25 (+ עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם birds of the sky), אָדָם אַתֶּם you are people Ezk 34:31 (or del.; + אֲנִי אֱלֹהֵיכֶם I am your God), הָאָדָם עֵץ הַשָּׂדֶה the trees of the field are human Dt 20:19 (or em. הֶאָדָם are they human?), מִצְרַיִם אָדָם Egypt is human Is 31:3 (+ וְלֹא־אֵל and not God), מָה־אָדָם what is humanity? Ps 144:3.
<OBJ> subject God עשׂה make Gn 1:26; 6:6; Is 17:7; Jr 27:5 (‖ אֶרֶץ world) Hb 1:14=1QpHab 512; Ec 7:29 (+ יָשָׁר upright) Si 50:22; 4QJuba 72; 4QapPsa 1.21, ברא create Gn 1:27, 5:1, 6:7; Dt 4:32; Is 45:12 (‖ אֶרֶץ) Si 15:14, יצר fashion 1QH 115 (+ בתבל in the world), גדל pi. make grow Si 50:22, רבה hi. make numerous Ezk 36:10, 11, שׂים place Jb 20:4 (+ עֲלֵי־אָֽרֶץ on the earth), שׁית place Si 15:14(Segal) (+ ביד חותפו into the hand of his adversary), נתן place Is 43:4 (or em. אֲדָמֹת lands; + לְאֻמים nations) Si 15:14 (+ ביד יצרו into the hand of his own desire), מצא hi. cause to be found Zc 11:6, סור hi. remove Jb 33:17, רחק pi. remove Is 6:12; 4Q386–9 412 (+ אֶרֶץ land), הלך hi. cause to walk Ezk 36:12, שׁלח pi. send Zc 8:10, ידע know Ps 144:3 (‖ בֶּן־אֱנוֹשׁ person), נצר watch Jb 7:20, יקר hi. make precious, rare Is 13:12 (‖ אֱנוֹשׁ person), למד pi. teach Ps 94:10 (+ גּוֹיִם nations), ישׁע hi. save Ps 36:7, מחה wipe out Gn 6:7, שׁבת hi. destroy Jr 36:29, כרת hi. cut off Ezk 14:13, 17, 19, 21; 25:13; 29:8; Zp 1:3, סוף hi. put an end (to) 1:3, נכה hi. strike Jr 21:6; 33:5.
Other subjects, נבט hi. look (at) Is 38:11, נטף hi. incite CD 1925, שׁמד hi. destroy (of Israelites) Jos 11:14, נכה hi. strike fatally (of Israelites) 11:14 (+ שָׁלָל booty, בְּהֵמָה cattle), זבח sacrifice Ho 13:2, אכל eat Ezk 19:3, 6 (both with subj. lion) 36:13, 14 (both with subj. land; + גּוֹיֵךְ your people), בלע swallow (of earth) Nm 16:32 (‖ רְכוּשׁ property).
<CSTR> אדם רשעה people of wickedness, wicked humanity 1QS 119 (+ סוד בשר עול company of flesh of iniquity).
לֵב אָדָם heart of a human being Gn 8:21, בְּשַׂר flesh of Ex 30:32, עַצְמוֹת bones of 1 K 13:2; 2 K 23:14, 20, רוּחַ spirit of Zc 12:1; 1QH 115, חיי life of Si 39:26(Segal), נֶפֶשׁ life of, i.e. human being Lv 24:17; Nm 31:35 (+ מִן־הַנָּשִׁים consisting of the women) 31:40, 46; Ezk 27:13; 1 C 5:21; 4Q251 26 4QMMT A 281 ([נפש] האדם), בכור first-born of 4Q251 64 ([בכור האד]ם) 65 ([ב]כור), נִבְלַת corpse(s) of Jr 9:21, פִּגְרֵי corpses of 33:5, יַד־ hand, i.e. power, of Gn 9:5 (+ כָּל־חַיָּה every living being) 2 S 24:14‖1 C 21:13 (:: Y., as merciful) Jb 37:7 (בְּיַד־כָּל־; or em. בְּעַד around; + אֲנָשִׁים men) 4QBarka 2.18 ([מיד]), יְדֵי hands of Dt 4:28; 2 K 19:18=Is 37:19 (both + מַעֲשֵׂה work of) Ezk 1:8(Kt) 10:21; Ps 115:4; 135:15; 2 C 32:19; 11QT 593 (all four + מַעֲשֵׂה), רֶגֶל foot of Ezk 29:11; 32:13, זֶרַע seed of Jr 31:27; 1QLitPrb 1.23 (אד[ם]) 4QPrFêtesc 97.11(Baillet) (ז[רע]האדם), עֵין eye of Zc 9:1 (but perh. אָדָם III surface of the earth; or em. עֵין אֲרָם eye of Aram or עָרֵי אֲרָם cities of Aram or עָווּ אֲרָם Aram has acted wickedly), עֵינֵי eyes of Pr 3:4 (‖ אֱלֹהִים God) 27:20, דְּמֵי blood, i.e. murders, of Hb 2:8, 17=1QpHab 98; 121 (both + חֲמַס־אֶרֶץ violence against the earth), חַבְלֵי cords of Ho 11:4 (perh. אָדָם II leather; ‖ אַהֲבָה I/II love/leather), דִּבְרֵי words of 1 S 24:10.
ברית covenant of human beings 1QH 1727, עידי witnesses of GnzPs 11, מַחְשְׁבוֹת thoughts of Ps 94:11, בִּינַת intelligence of Pr 30:2 (‖ אִישׁ man), עֲבֹדַת labour of Ps 104:14, עֲמַל labour of Ec 6:7, פְּעֻלּוֹת deeds of Ps 17:4; 4QBarka 18 (פעולות), שְׂכַר hire of Zc 8:10, חֵלֶק־ portion of a person from God Jb 20:29; 27:13, מקדש sanctuary of 4QFlor 1.16, מוֹתַר superiority of Ec 3:19, חַטֹּאת sins of Nm 5:6, רָעַת evil of Gn 6:5, גַּבְהוּת pride of Is 2:11, 17 (both + אֲנָשִׁים men), חֲמַת anger of Ps 76:11, עֹשֶׁק oppression of 119:134, טֻמְאַת uncleanness of Lv 5:3; 7:21; CD 1216, טמאו[ת] uncleannesses of 1QSa 24, צֵאַת excrement of Ezk 4:12, גֶּלְלֵי faeces of 4:15, בְּכוֹר firstborn of Ex 13:13 (+ בְּבָנֶיךָ among your sons) 13:15, תּוֹרַת law of, i.e. applicable to 2 S 7:19 (‖1 C 17:17 תּוֹר plait of), דְּמוּת appearance of Ezk 1:5, רֶכֶב chariotry (consisting) of Is 22:6 (or em. אֲרָם Aram), תְּשׁוּעַת victory of Ps 60:13‖108:13, נְסִיכֵי princes of Mc 5:4, מושלי rulers of GnzPs 212 (‖ תֵּבֵל world), בחירי elect of 1QS 1116, גדולי great (ones) of GnzPs 319 (:: קטני אינוש least ones of humanity), הולכי those who go of, i.e. among 4Q416 116, אֶבְיוֹנֵי poor (ones) of Is 29:19 GnzPs 321, צֹאן flock of Ezk 36:37, 38, רֹב (רָב־) crowd of Ezk 23:42; Zc 2:8; Pr 20:6 (‖ אִישׁ man), מעוט diminution of 4QpIsac 4.28, חֶרְפַּת reproach of Ps 22:7, כָּל־אָדָם (and vars.) all people Gn 7:21; Ex 9:19; Nm 12:3; 16:29, 29 (+ מוֹת death of, פְּקֻדַּת fate of) 16:32; Jos 11:14; Jg 16:17; Ezk 38:20; Zc 8:10 (or del. אֶת־כָּל־) Ps 64:10; 116:11; Jb 21:33; 36:25 (+ אֱנוֹשׁ person) 37:7 (+ אִישׁ man).
<APP> אָדָם פָּרָשִׁים people, (namely) horseriders Is 22:6 (or em. אֲרָם פֹּרְשִׁים in the chariots of Aram are riders).
<ADJ> רַע evil Ps 140:2 (‖ אִישׁ man), רַב numerous Jb 36:28 (but perh. אָדָם III great earth).
<PREP> לְ to, for Pr 24:9 (+ לֵץ scoffer) 27:19; 1 C 29:1; 2 C 19:6 (both :: Y.), against Jb 21:4, + אמר say Jb 28:28, נגד hi. tell Am 4:13, ידע ni. be known 11QPsa 184, צרר hi. cause distress (subj. Y.) Zp 1:17, שׁרת pi. minister 4QapPsb 111.
בְּ among Ex 8:13, 14; 9:10; 13:2; Nm 8:17; 18:15; 31:11; Jr 49:15 (+ גּוֹיִם nations) Mc 7:2 (‖ אֶרֶץ land) Ps 78:60; Pr 23:28; 4Q521 1.32, with Pr 28:2, consisting of Nm 31:26; Ps 68:19, + משׁל בְּ rule over 2 S 23:3, בטח בְּ trust in Ps 118:8 (:: Y.), וּבְיִשְׂרָאֵל וּבָאָדָם both in Israel and in humanity at large Jr 32:20 (but perh. אָדָם III earth; or em. וּבָאֲדָמוֹת and in the [other] lands).
כְּאָדָם as humans are wont to do (or perh. as Adam) Ho 6:7 (or em. בְּאָדָם at Adam) Jb 31:33; Ps 82:7 (+ שָׂרִים princes), כְּאַחַד הָאָדָם as one of the ordinary people Jg 16:7, 11.
מִן from (among) Gn 6:7; 7:23; Lv 27:28, 29; Nm 3:13; 31:28, 30, 47; Is 2:22=1QS 517; Jr 51:62 (לְמֵאָדָם) Ho 9:12; Ps 135:8; 140:2 (‖ אִישׁ man) Pr 30:14 (but perh. אָדָם III earth; or em. מֵאֲדָמָה from the earth; + אֶבְיוֹן poor person; ‖ אֶרֶץ earth) CD 91; 11QapPsa 46 ([מ]אדם), הֵמָּה מֵאָדָם they are but humans Is 44:11, because of Mc 2:12, הַרְחֵק מִן at a distance (away) from or (higher) than Jos 3:16(Qr) (Kt באדם at Adam, as pl.n.).
מֵאֵין without (in ref. to depopulation by war, etc.) Is 6:11; Jr 32:43; 33:10, 10, 12, + עלם ni. be hidden Si 11:4(A) (מ[אדם]; B מאנוש).
אֶל to Jb 32:21 (‖ אִישׁ man); עַל upon Ex 9:9, 22; Jr 7:20; Hg 1:11; Jb 36:28 (יִרְעֲפוּ עֲלֵי they [clouds] drip upon; but perh. אָדָם III earth) Ec 6:1.
עִם with Ps 73:5 (‖ אֱנוֹשׁ people); אֵת with, + דבר pi. speak (of God) Dt 5:24, ישׁב dwell (of God) 2 C 6:18; בַּעֲבוּר on account of Gn 8:21; חתם בְּעַד place seal around Jb 37:7 (if em. בְּיַד into the hand of).
<COLL> אָדָם … בְּהֵמָה humanity … beasts, i.e. all living creatures Gn 6:7; 7:23; Ex 8:13, 14; 9:9, 10, 19, 22, 25; 12:12; 13:2, 15; Lv 27:28; Nm 3:13; 8:17; 18:15; 31:11, 26, 47; Jr 7:20; 21:6; 27:5; 31:27; 32:43; 33:10, 10, 12; 36:29; 50:3; 51:62; Ezk 14:13, 17, 19, 21; 25:13; 29:8, 11; 32:13; 36:11; Jon 3:7, 8; 4:11; Zp 1:3; Hg 1:11; Zc 2:8; 8:10; Ps 36:7; 135:8; Ec 3:19, נֶפֶשׁ … אָדָם an individual person … humans (in general) Lv 5:4; 7:21, with number Jon 4:11 (120,000), אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה אֹתָם הָאָדָם וָחַי בָּהֶם (and vars.) commandments, etc. that people should do and live by them Lv 18:5; Ezk 20:11, 13, 21; Ne 9:29; CD 316, אָדָם כַּיֶּלֶק מִלֵּאתִיךְ I have filled you (with) people (numerous) as locusts Jr 51:14, הָאָרָם אֲשֶׁר נְשָׁמָה בְּאַפּוֹ humankind, in whose nostril is breath Is 2:22=1QS 517.


Clines, D. J. A. (Ed.). (1993–2011). The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew (Vol. 1, pp. 123–126). Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press; Sheffield Phoenix Press.

DAL:
why having it would be useful?

For the links to the DSS usage. This thing is extensively linked up with DSS resources!

Logos 8  | Dell Inspiron 7373 | Windows 10 Pro 64, i7, 16GB, SSD | iPhone X | iMac 27" i7, 16GB, SSD | OS 10.13

Posts 1395
James Taylor | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Sep 6 2016 8:44 PM

The Text post doesn't do it justice...

Logos 8  | Dell Inspiron 7373 | Windows 10 Pro 64, i7, 16GB, SSD | iPhone X | iMac 27" i7, 16GB, SSD | OS 10.13

Posts 8002
DAL | Forum Activity | Replied: Tue, Sep 6 2016 9:30 PM

Thanks! So no transliteration? Looks interesting though.

DAL

Posts 361
Stephen Miller | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Sep 7 2016 4:35 AM

Dal,

1. There are several reviews of the DOCH on the web if you hunt around.

2. My own observation is that reading it is like reading a telephone directory. So many cast members but where is the story? According to the MS Word count the article on  אָדָם (Adam) has 4761 words in 12 A4 pages. After reading the whole article you still might know what the word means. The Dictionary exhaustively notes every reference to the word in the Bible and the DSS (especially later in the alphabet) without explaining why they think the word means one thing sometimes and another thing other times. If you were looking for a discussion about whether "ADAM" is connected to the Hebrew word for "red" and missed a single arrow in the previous article you would discover nothing.

3. eg the article on heaven has over 10,000 words, yet doesn't help you work out whether Gen 1:1 is talking about the sky, heaven or the heavens. (several other lexicons are also fairly unhelpful here.)

4. There is a Concise edition in print but where is the Logos version?

Stephen Miller

Sydney, Australia

Posts 8002
DAL | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Sep 7 2016 7:09 AM

 Thanks Stephen !

 I may just upgrade to a Baptist platinum instead of standard platinum,  though I would like to complete the Hermenia set since only the New Testament came in the Weslyan Methodist platinum base package. For now HALOT and the lesser lexicons will do 👌

Posts 11433
DMB | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Sep 7 2016 7:46 AM

Ignoring the real issue here (DCH vs Hermeneia) and for any later passers by:

- DCH proposes to use a linguistic approach emphasizing meaning from use.  So, enties are structured against grammatical organization. This ties in quite well to the increasing Logos visualization tool sets. And quite arguable.

- It also proposes to include hebrew up to publishing of the Mishnah.  Other lexicons often stick to Biblical, etc. Again, arguable.

Both of these quickly run afoul of 'definitions' since they sit in hotly contested territory ... language development/timing and thense meaning.

But DCH more clearly illustrates the sins of BDAG on the greek side ... use being meaning, and use as theologically assumed.  DCH is useful in its proposals.

A fun example is Jer 50:11 ... DCH notes the issue of whether the calves are having fun in the grass ... or heifers are treading out the grass. So, if you compare your translations, the images go wild ... fun little calves, wanton treaders (huh?), plus spreading abroad calves (having lived in Texas, I've not seen calves do that). 

"God will save his fallen angels and their broken wings He'll mend."

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