What is the simplest way to find the Greek-Hebrew equivalents?

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Thinking | Forum Activity | Posted: Fri, Mar 6 2015 4:59 AM

What is the simplest way for a non-Hebrew and non-Greek person (me) to search for equivalents between the Old and New Testament.

For example I am studying 1 Tim 2:1. There are four different lemmas used for prayer (1) deesis (2) proseuche (3) enteuxis and (eucharistia).

Of course it is easy to do the Greek searches, but how do I find what Hebrew approximate equivalents to search for in the Old Testament?

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David Thomas | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 5:54 AM

Your example illustrates the problem searching for "equivalents". Each language has a range of words with similar meaning and the human authors(inspired by the Holy Spirit) made choices based upon their own personality and experiences. In the NT we have a great resource by Louw-Nida that lists the range of words with similar meanings. The Louw-Nida choices appear in the Reverse Interlinears.

Louw, Johannes P., and Eugene Albert Nida. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains. New York: United Bible Societies, 1996.

To my knowledge, there is not a similar Lexicon for Hebrew.

For "non-Hebrew and non-Greek" students it is often hard to grasp that there is rarely a one-for-one correlation to words.

Any of the Hebrew Reverse Interlinears will show you the underlying Hebrew Lemma, but not the range from which it was chosen.

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Thinking | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 5:58 AM

I understand that, actually. I suppose I could search the LXX.

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NB.Mick | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 6:14 AM

Thinking:
What is the simplest way for a non-Hebrew and non-Greek person (me) to search for equivalents between the Old and New Testament.

In addition to what David Thomas wrote: you can look up the Greek in lexicons that give the Hebrew "equivalents" (not all, but many do, such as TDNT or Lexham Analytical Lexicon of the GNT) and try to work from there. Or do a BWS on the Greek lemma, which will give the Hebrew "equivalents" in the LXX translation ring. 

The Lexham Theological Wordbook will discuss a concept, such as "prayer" and then go through the main OT and NT words. 

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Andrew Batishko | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 8:55 AM

You could also try doing a search like: <Sense prayer (act)> OR <Sense prayer (petition)> OR <Sense prayer (contents)>

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Matthew C Jones | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 9:06 AM

Good, useful ideas everyone.  Thank you.

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Mark Smith | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 9:18 AM

Thinking:
Of course it is easy to do the Greek searches, but how do I find what Hebrew approximate equivalents to search for in the Old Testament?

Run a Bible Word Study on the English word or words. For example run it on the work 'prayers' in 1 Tim 2:1 and you will see the Greek and Hebrew words translated with this word. You can do this with the other words as well.

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Do you think this resource might help?

Tov, Emanuel. The Parallel Aligned Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Texts of Jewish Scripture. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2003.

This is only for OT, but you may use LXX to search for the similar word and compare it.

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Rick Brannan (Faithlife) | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 10:43 AM

Thinking:

What is the simplest way for a non-Hebrew and non-Greek person (me) to search for equivalents between the Old and New Testament.

For example I am studying 1 Tim 2:1. There are four different lemmas used for prayer (1) deesis (2) proseuche (3) enteuxis and (eucharistia).

The Lexham Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament and the Lexham Analytical Lexicon to the Septuagint: H.B. Swete Edition both list Hebrew equivalents, when known, in their entries. Like this:

The Analytical Lexicon to the Septuagint provides more detail:

Hope it helps.

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Thinking | Forum Activity | Replied: Fri, Mar 6 2015 11:27 AM

Very helpful, all.

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