Searching for All Forms of Articular Noun in Greek

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Keep Smiling 4 Jesus :) | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Apr 21 2012 12:29 PM

Dan Starcevich:

What I am doing is searching the NA27 text of Romans for every instance of any form of the phrase ὁ ἁμαρτία

For any form, would also include prepositions for articular usage (English translation often includes "the" after preposition) along with searching for cognate words, which can be done using a Morph Search:

(lemma:διά, lemma:ὁ,lemma:περί,lemma:ὑπό)  BEFORE 1-2 WORDS (lemma:ἁμαρτία,lemma:ἁμαρτάνω,lemma:ἁμάρτημα,lemma:ἁμαρτωλός,lemma:ἁμαρτωλός,lemma:προαμαρτάνω)

Initially opened Romans 8, then used right click to open "The Lexham Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament" to ἁμαρτία then did a Morph Search using a comma separated list of cognate words:


followed by looking at search results in Pauline Epistles for prepositions, then copying Morph Search and adding prepositions:

Syntax Search can also search for cognates.  Started with template for Direct Objects, then changed part of speech to @D @P (added article) along with list of cognate lemmas (separated by a space):

ἁμαρτία ἁμαρτάνω ἁμάρτημα ἁμαρτωλός προαμαρτάνω 

While comparing search results, noticed Morph Search included Romans 8:2 while Syntax Search did not so opened "The Syntactically Analyzed Greek New Testament: Clause Analysis; Clause Analysis." to Romans 8:2 that shows a modifier category of "Qualifier" so changed Syntax Search:

Keep Smiling Smile

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George Somsel | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Apr 21 2012 12:36 PM

Dan Starcevich:

I am sure this must be covered somewhere but I sure can't seem to hunt it down. How do I do this in Logos 4. I want to find all forms of "sin" in greek, with the article.



"lemma:ὁ BEFORE 1 WORD lemma:ἁμαρτία"  If I use "BEFORE 3 WORDS", I get results including prepositions intervening which is not what you want.


יְמֵי־שְׁנוֹתֵינוּ בָהֶם שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה וְאִם בִּגְבוּרֹת שְׁמוֹנִים שָׁנָה וְרָהְבָּם עָמָל וָאָוֶן

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Rick Brannan | Forum Activity | Replied: Sat, Apr 21 2012 7:42 PM

Hi folks.

Looks like everyone is into OpenText to solve this one, thought I'd show what (I think) you can do with Cascadia to approach it.

The below search has 33 hits in Romans in the NA27.

1. A "determiner" as a terminal node is an article. So we're looking for phrases that have an article.

2. Specifying the lemma in the "Phrase" object (rather than creating a structure down to the word itself) allows us to find where the "head" of a phrase is αμαρτια, and where the phrase itself has a determiner.

If you find this misses instances, please let me know. But it locates 7.17 and 7.20, which were mentioned in an earlier post as problematic/missing from other approaches.


Rick Brannan | Twitter: @RickBrannan
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