Search for compound Greek verbs that begin with with συν·

Page 1 of 1 (10 items)
This post has 9 Replies | 1 Follower

Posts 1343
Harry Hahne | Forum Activity | Posted: Wed, Mar 30 2022 11:33 PM

I am trying to figure out how to find all instances of compound verbs that are built on any root verb with the preposition συν- as a prefix.

These verbs are very important for the Apostle Paul's theology of the results of our union with Christ. Some examples include:

  • Believers have been crucified with (συσταυρόω) Christ (Romans 6:6)
  • Believers have been made alive with (συζωοποιέω) Christ (Ephesians 2:5)
  • Believers have been raised up with (συνεγείρω) Christ (Ephesians 2:6)
  • Believers have been seated with (συγκαθίζω) Christ in the heavenly places (Ephesians 2:6)
  • and many more...

I don't think I can do a root search, since these verbs do not include the συν- root in the context menu.

Here is what I have done using a morphological search on the NA28 Greek New Testament:

@V INTERSECTS συ*

This works quite well, although it finds some noise, since some verbs begin with συ- but they are not compound verbs. I cannot search for συν*, because this type of verb can have συν- or συγ- or simply συ-, depending on how the συν preposition contracts with the first letter of the root verb.

Can anyone think of a more efficient or more precise way to do this type of search?

Posts 28018
Forum MVP
Dave Hooton | Forum Activity | Replied: Thu, Mar 31 2022 2:37 PM

Harry Hahne:
Can anyone think of a more efficient or more precise way to do this type of search?

I think @V INTERSECTS συ*  is as good as one can get. The 120 results in Pauline Epistles all appear to be compound

Dave
===

Windows 11 & Android 8

Posts 1343
Harry Hahne | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 3:08 AM

The only thing wrong with this search is that it won't find any aorist or imperfect tense verbs, because these tenses have an epsilon augment as a prefix on the verb.

Is there any way I can use wildcards in a lemma search? I want to find all lemmas that begin with συ-, rather than the inflected form as it appears in the Greek New Testament It does not seem possible to search for lemma:συν* or συν*@V.

Posts 28018
Forum MVP
Dave Hooton | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 9:06 AM

Harry Hahne:
The only thing wrong with this search is that it won't find any aorist or imperfect tense verbs

@V INTERSECTS συ*  does!   202 aorist and 30 imperfect

lemma:συν*@V  finds 117 aorist and 14 imperfect that overlap with the first search.

These queries will only work in Morph Search.

Dave
===

Windows 11 & Android 8

Posts 509
Brian W. Davidson | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 9:39 AM

This MO works pretty well too: lemma:συν* OR lemma:συγ* OR lemma:συζ*

Ha! I see Dave's post now, and he's already said this (better)

Posts 1343
Harry Hahne | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 1:05 PM

Dave Hooton:

@V INTERSECTS συ*  does!   202 aorist and 30 imperfect

lemma:συν*@V  finds 117 aorist and 14 imperfect that overlap with the first search.

I see that now. I was working on this at 3:00 AM last night, so I wasn't seeing clearly.

Thanks, Dave.

Posts 1343
Harry Hahne | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 1:50 PM

Spoke too soon. What am I doing wrong here?

I am doing a Morph search on NA28 Greek New Testament. When I search for lemma:απ*@V, I get no results. Interestingly the pick list offers around 30 verbs that meet the criterion, but the search produces no results. I took the successful search for lemma:συ* and changed it to lemma:απ* and nothing was found.

A wildcard search for απ* works fine. But if I change the search to lemma:απ* or lemma:απ*@V, the search fails.

I am sure the problem is a user error, rather than a bug, but I cannot see what is going on. Please help my aging eyes to see my mistake!

Posts 509
Brian W. Davidson | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 2:06 PM

I think you just need a smooth breathing mark on that alpha.

Posts 1343
Harry Hahne | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 2:08 PM

Harry Hahne:
I am doing a Morph search on NA28 Greek New Testament. When I search for lemma:απ*@V, I get no results. Interestingly the pick list offers around 30 verbs that meet the criterion, but the search produces no results. I took the successful search for lemma:συ* and changed it to lemma:απ* and nothing was found.

I figured it out. A wildcard search for words that begin with a vowel must have a breathing mark. So the search lemma:ἀπ*@V works, but απ*@V does not work. Wildcard searches on roots do not need a breathing mark, but wildcard searches on lemmas require the breathing mark.

Posts 1343
Harry Hahne | Forum Activity | Replied: Wed, Apr 6 2022 2:09 PM

Brian W. Davidson:

I think you just need a smooth breathing mark on that alpha.

Yeah. I was typing this while you were. Thanks!

Page 1 of 1 (10 items) | RSS